Induction? After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the U. S. December 7,1941 America declared war against Japan the day after. The Government faired that the 112. 000 people of Japanese descent that lived on the west Coast would be a treat to the national security. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an Executive Order allowing military commanders to establish special zones in U. S. territory threatened by enemy attack.? A man named Gordon Hirabayashi who was an American-born citizen of Japanese immigrants refused this and meant that it did violate his Fifth Amendment right and he believed that the orders were discriminatory, he handed in a copy of a four-page typewritten statement titled "Why I Refused to Register for Evacuation” to the FBI. He got a second chance to register for the order, but Hiribiashy refused this, and was taken to the King County Jail. Chief Justice Stone opinion?
Chief Justice Stone meant that the racial discrimination was justified as he said:? “The danger of espionage and sabotage to our military resources was imminent, and the curfew order was an appropriate measure to meet it. "? Stone also pointed out that a lot of the children to Japanese immigrants that came to The United States in the 1900 century often got sent to Japanese language schools, and there except from being thought the Japanese language, also got thought Japanese propaganda. He also pointed out that they, a lot of the time had basically no social intercourse with white children and therefore never got properly integrated with the American society and culture, and by actually be in the United States, the Japanese immigrants and their children would in a very easy way be able to spread secret information about the United States to Japan. Justice Murphys opinion ?Murphy, did not agree at all on what Stone said. He compared the American treatment of the Japanese with what Nazi Germany did to the Jews. He also pointed out that there is nothing written more firmly into the American law that Plymouth voyagers should have equal laws as a nation America should embrace all groups even if some of them may have isolated themselves for religious and cultural reasons. He meant that it was impossible to have one law for one person and a different law for someone else. In this case the Japanese people. This was Racism he said. ?Murphy also reminded the court that all the residents of this nation are in one or another way from another culture or another country. Conclusion? In the end Hirabayashi was found guilty for both violating the curfew order and for violating the exclusion, but Stone didn’t say anything about the violation on the exclusion order. It is really obvious that it was a violation on Hirabayashi rights, but at the same time he did not follow the rules that the American Government had set up, but the case was a clear case of racism.