Over the years, fear of crime in High crime areas has negatively affected the people living in these regions. Characteristically, residents in these regions assume specific lifestyles that seem to assimilate adaptability styles as a way of survival. Besides, the regions also depict specific characteristics in terms of length of residence, education levels of the residents, racial makeup, income, and psychological stress for the people. Most of the residents in these regions are described as prisoners in their own homes with very limited freedom for their lives.
High crime areas are regions that experience rampant criminal activities that directly or indirectly affect those regions (Hope and Sparks 2000). Criminal activities are generally recurrent and the people living there may be aware of the criminals if they stay there or not if they reside elsewhere. Environmental criminology involves the role that immediate environment plays in effecting crime at different regions locally and internationally.
Special consideration and analysis of the environmental aspects relating to the activities of crime is the key to effective investigation, prevention and control of crime in the society (Edwards and Hughes 2002). Overview This essay evaluates the element of criminal fear by those people living in high crime areas in the society. Using statistics of the different criminal levels in the society, the essay intrinsically examines the different psychological and social implication of this vice in the society.
Applying the different theories of environmental criminology, the essay outlines the possible measures that can be used by the people in these regions to easily address their immediate problems. Besides, it explores the efficiency of authorities in addressing the problems related to fear in the high crime regions in the world. Finally, the paper gives strong holistic recommendations that are essential in reducing crime at the high crime regions and reversing the current trends of fear from by the people in the society. Historical background and statistics
Since historic times, criminal activities have persisted strongly in the human race. With debate on the drive and causes of people to desire increased involvement in criminal activities being far from over, it is clear that the vice will continue to ravage people in the society even the more. However, the levels of criminal activities in the historic periods have been hard to quantify with the increasingly level of complexity in definition of crime in the modern world which do not necessarily fit in the historic context (Hughes and Edwards 2002).
The authorities and administrations of the different regions between the 1st century and the 19th century were strongly monarchy based where currently strongly condemned activities like cattle raids; killing of people to exhibit warrior superiority powers, human trafficking, and slavery among others were considered not to be crime. America new lands after discovery by British and Spanish was a high crime zone as people were easily killed if they were unable to work in the plantations. Source of slaves regions like in West Africa were never quiet as people lived in fear s to whether they would be the next victims (Foster 1995).
However, the last 50 years has seen strong revolution in the criminal activities where new and sophisticated weapons are used during criminal activities. Most of the criminal activities in the world are committed by young people in the society. In Europe, the level of crime has fallen to the levels of the 1990s. Similarly, Canada, Australia and Germany have had similar decline during the same period. Crime in US accounts for more injuries, fatalities, and loss of property than all natural disasters combined together.
Though most the states are experiencing reduced criminal levels, others are experiencing rising trends. Approximately, 5% of the US population (Thirteen million people) is victims of crime annually. About 50% of these people are victims of violent crime that takes place in their areas of work or residence. 60% of all the criminal activities are committed by young people below the age of 25 years. Over the last 20 years, use of small arms has risen strongly among the young people in US (Patrick and James 2008).