Health and Safety in Construction Essay

Task 1 – Roles and Responsibilities 1. The people who are responsible for health and safety on a project: a) Site Manager b) Assistant Site Manager The assistant site manger role will be keeping records associated with safety e. g. statutory inspections, including records required by CDM for hazard management e. g. sub-contractors method statements etc and anything else required by statue or included in the Construction Phase.

Plan and by the relevant procedures in the contractors Manual of Quality, Safety and the Environment. In addition to this the assistant site manager would be consistent with what the employer and site manager wishes it to be and which would be dependent or limited to the level of the assistant site managers competence especially in relation to the health and safety issues.

c) CDM Co-ordinator The main duties of CDM co-ordinators are to advise and assist the client in meeting their duties as a client under the Regulations, in particular the duty to: • • appoint competent designers and contractors make sure adequate arrangements are in place for managing the project notify HSE about the project co-ordinate design work, planning and other preparation for construction, where relevant to health and safety identify and collect the pre-construction information and advise the client if surveys need to be commissioned to fill significant gaps provide promptly – and in a convenient form – to those involved with the design of the structure, and to every contractor (including the principal contractor) who may be or has been appointed by the client, such parts of the pre-construction information as are relevant manage the flow of health and safety information between clients, designers and contractors advise the client on the suitability of the initial construction phase plan and the arrangements made to ensure welfare facilities are on site from the start produce or update a relevant user-friendly health and safety file suitable for use at the end of the construction phase.

d) The Planning Supervisor The planning supervisor has the responsibility to co-ordinate the Health and Safety aspects of the design and planning phase – prepare the early stages of the H&S plan – advise clients of the competence and adequate resource of the Principal Contractor – ensure that a health and safety file for each structure is delivered to the client on completion

Page 1 of 6 e) Principal Contractor The Principal contractor carries out the following duties and responsibilities: • Take account of health and safety issues when preparing their tender or estimates • Exclude unauthorised persons from the site • Co-operate with the planning supervisor • Develop the hand s plan • Co-ordinate activities of all contractors to ensure that they comply with the hand s plan • Provide information and training of employers and the self employed about health and safety f) The Designers The designer produces drawings and written docs such as specification. Where risks are unable to be avoided, adequate info must be provided.

Designers must ensure that: • Structures are designed and specified to minimise any possible risks to hand s during construction and subsequently during the maintenance • Adequate info is provided on possible risks • Co-operation with Planning Supervisors g) The Sub Contractors These must at all times co-operate with the principal contractor on health and safety matters – explain how they will control the health and safery risks in their work ? The sub-contractors have duties for the provision of other information to the principal contractor and to the employees. The self-employed have similar duties to contractors. h) The Employers The employers must ensure that they are able to allocate sufficient resources, including time and expense to enable the project to be carried out safely and when necessary a Planning Supervisor is employed.

Only competent and adequetly resourced people are employed. Construction work does not start until an adequate h and s plan is in place and must be available for inspection. i) Employees Should be better informed and have the opportunity to become more involved in H&S and welfare matters such as: • • • • • Ensure adequate lighting Make sure flooring is even and clean Mark slopes and charges of level Store cables safely to eliminate trip hazards Remove any obstructions Page 2 of 6 • • • • • Clear up any spillages immediately Dispose of waste fast Wear suitable footwear Consider measures for visitors Follow everything you put in place and use your initiative.

j) Public The public need to be aware of the project and the potential hazard, since site are dangerous environments – potential use of hazardous materials and substances. The trespassing on site is both dangerous and illegal. 2. The general legal duties for health, safety and welfare as specified by the Health and safety at work Act 1974 that are applicable to the project. • • The main requirements of this Act in respect of construction projects is Relate these to the project described in the scenario, making any appropriate assumptions where required 3. Define the specific duties regarding health, safety and welfare as defined by the legislation that is relevant to the job of an assistant site manager.

The role of the assistant site manager in respect of safety, health and welfare is varying depending if you may be responsible for ensuring all staff/visitors to the site have a health and safety induction before being actually allowed on site, you may be responsible for ensuring that all staff/visitors adhere to health and safety rules whilst on site. You may be responsible for reporting/ investigating any incidents under RIDDOR. This would be consistent with what the employer and site manager wishes it to be and which would be dependent, or limited to, the level of the assistant site managers competence, especially in respect to H&S issues.