Harry S. Truman, a Democrat, was the 33rd president of the United States between 1945 and 1953. As a Vice President, Truman thrive Franklin D. Roosevelt after the president's death. Remembered for his use of inherent powers during World War II, the Korean War and the Cold War, Truman was a major advocate of helping disadvantaged foreign nations, even when some countries questioned his ulterior motives and Congress disagreed with his reasoning.
He once said "I make foreign policy," (Shapiro, 1992) which was meant to mean that America is such a powerful country other countries usually follow suit when American policy is finalized, and incidentally that it was part of his job as chief diplomat. More reinforcement to that right-of-passage was his powers as commander the chief; control over America's military and the people who are affiliated. Commander in chief status is greatest during times of war and the Truman presidency was chock-full of war and similar struggles.
The Truman Doctrine, The Marshall Plan, and the Point Four plan were put to action due to in large part to the President's common use of his inherent powers, and his powers as chief diplomat, chief executive and chief legislator. Truman also made attempts to make civil rights effective. His dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are probably the most controversial and questioned actions when it comes to the president's inherent powers. (Gardner, 2002) In 1945 Truman met with Joseph Stalin, the communist leader of the Soviet Union, and Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain, to discuss the future of Europe.
This meeting was called the Potsdam Conference and is categorized as part of a president's job as chief diplomat, chief executive and chief legislator. The Potsdam Declaration was formed for the purpose of having documented proof to Japan that utter devastation of the Japanese homeland would ensue, should they not surrender. Japan declined to surrender and the A-bombs were dropped. The deaths that resulted were questioned by some Americans, while others were rejoicing the finality of the war. Truman's decision to drop the bombs is still questioned today.
People began to wonder that if the inherent powers of the president could destroy so many lives at the drop of a hat, that the power given to, or as some speculated, taken advantage of, by Truman, may not be the kind of power that future presidents should receive. The most recent president to call a special session on Congress; Truman called upon Congress to meet and devise an economic strategy for America and Europe after World War II. As chief executive and chief legislature, the President established the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan. The Truman Doctrine assisted the countries susceptible to being taken over by communism.
The Marshall Plan supported the United State's allies for the purpose of making them strong again after the toll of the war had diminished their resources. Money was also sent to non-allies to promote peace. The U. S. sent $400 million through the Truman Doctrine, and billions through the Marshall Plan. The money sent to help our allies was partially repaid when the European countries bought American products, which boosted the economy. The Point Four Plan leant a hand to third world countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Congress was exceedingly displeased with the President's altruistic choices.