The issue of the firearm deaths is closely connected with the issue of gun control in the USA. It has been claimed by many researchers that the rate of gun violence in the USA is considerably higher if compared with other developed countries (Firearm-related deaths in the United States and 35 other high- and upper-middle income countries, 2005). The research proved that these levels are much the same in the UK and Japan, which apply very strict gun control laws.
Israel, Canada, and Switzerland on the contrary have considerably lower gun-related homicide rates even in spite of the fact that they have high rates of gun distribution. This research comes into contradiction with the Dr. Kleck’s findings that “… cross-national comparisons do not provide a sound basis for assessing the impact of gun ownership levels on crime rates” (Kleck, 1991). One more fact discussed in this paper is the relation of the gun control to the level of suicide. Thus, it was proven that guns are the tools of 53. 7 % of all suicides performed in the United States (USA Suicide, 2003).
This is the short table, which presents the comparison of gun deaths in different countries. This is the estimation of gun deaths per 100,000 population. So, we can come to the conclusion that firearms are not the main tool in crimes. Thus, it would be false to consider that gun control policies aiming at reduction of the number of guns used will gradually lead to the reduction of the level of crimes and homicides. It should be kept in mind that the crimes could be performed with the others arms as well.
It is obvious that there is no single idea on the issue of the influence of the right to posses and carry guns on the crime rates. Survey, conducted by the National Academy of Science, showed no dependence between right-to-carry laws and level of gun-related violent crime. Instead, the National Academy of Science proposes to introduce new analytical approaches and datasets at the county or local level in order to precisely estimate the influence of right-to-carry laws on homicide rates (Committee on Law and Justice, 2004).
Proponents of gun control stress the main role of the gun in crime, while opponents consider that well-armed people prevent crime. They state that in case firearms possession is made illegal law-abiding citizens will become more vulnerable to the people, who disregard the law and use guns (Hemenway, 2003). Some researches even come to the conclusion that right-to-carry laws produce a positive effect on the prevention of crimes. Thus, Dr. Gary Kleck in his research showed that over 2. 5 million people resort to the use of the gun in order to prevent a crime or for the sake of self-defense.
In the majority of cases mere display of the gun was enough to stop the criminal (Kleck, 1998). The Bureau of Justice Statistics presented the report, which states that from 1987 to 1992 round 62,200 victims of violent crime used guns for self-defense and 20,000 people used guns for the protection of their property every year. According to the “National Self Defense Survey” conducted by Gary Kleck of Florida State University on the basis of the responses from 4,978 households, guns were used in 2. 1 million cases for the sake of self-defense (Gun Control, 2007).