Good team functioning is a product of cooperative structures and the intelligent, responsible participation of the team's members. (Resource Manual for a Living Revolution, p. 43) Group dynamics and leadership are the core of understanding racism, sexism, and other forms of social prejudice and discrimination. These applications of the field are studied in psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, epidemiology, education, social work, business, and communication studies.
Group Dynamics Group dynamics are any interactions that happen between people when they are put into a group setting. The study of group dynamics can be useful in understanding decision-making behavior of groups and is useful in studies of psychology, sociology, political science, and other fields Psychologists study these behaviors to analyze how we act when around each other. Leadership Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal.
Leaders are considered to have a large influence over the success of groups GOOD LEADERSHIP MEANS: • to accept and clarify feelings of another without threat; • to aid the group's insight into its feelings and attitudes; • to recognize and interpret forces operating in a group; • to sense the development of tension; • to state all sides of a controversy fairly and objectively; • to recognize and articulate themes noticed in discussion; • to summarize group discussion;
• to collect thinking and restate it for group acceptance and action; • to coordinate the questions and steps a group needs to consider in order to reach a decision; • to encourage others to gain experience in and learn skills of leadership REASONS FOR GROUP FORMATION: 1. Have a sense of security:
The group enables the person to reduce a sense of insecurity and have stronger feeling with few self-doubts and more resistant to threats when they are a part of the group. 2. Have a status: The persons in a group can be easily recognized and a status is achieved by them. 3. Develop Self-esteem: The groups can help a person develop a sense of “to – belong”. This provides with feelings of self- worth and develops confidence in its members.
4. Affiliation: The groups can fulfill social needs. People enjoy the regular interaction that comes with the group membership. 5. Power: The power is derived on the strength of closeness of the group members with greater power achieved when in group then if a person is alone or individually
6. Goal achievement: The goal can be achieved more easily when a group effort is present as “United we stand, divided we fall”. The pool of talents, knowledge or power of doing things and management for job – accomplishment is present when individuals act in groups. FUNCTIONS OF THE GROUPS: 1. Formal organizational functions: These relates to basic mission attainment by the organization. The group completes the work, creates ideas and embraces all activities for which they are accountable. 2. Psychological Personal functions:
The group formation facilitates psychological functioning, satisfaction of the needs, outlet for affiliation and helps in getting stability and enhancing the achievements. 1 / 2 3. Mixed or Multiple functions: The formal as well as informal both kinds of roles are taken up by the members of the group. The formal group can try to fulfill various psychological roles and leading to increased loyalty, commitment and energy for effective attainment of the administrative and organizational goals STAGES OF GROUP FORMATION:
1.FORMING: This is characterized by the great deal of uncertainty about groups purpose , structure and the leadership . Members are testing waters to determine the type of action needed or behavior required .The stage is completed when the members have begun to think that they are the parts of the group. 2. STORMING: The members accept the existence of the group but they are still resisting the constraints the group poses on them.
There is conflict as to who will control the group. When this stage completes there does a relatively clear hierarchy of leadership exist in the group. 3. NORMING: This is the one in which there is close relationship between the members and the group demonstrates cohesiveness. There is sense of group identified and this stage is complete when the group structure solidifies and the group has assimilated a common set of expectations defining the behavior. 4. PERFORMING: The structure at this point is fully functional and accepted.
The group energy is has moved from getting to know and understand each other to performing a task at hand. For permanent work groups this is the last stage. But for the temporary committees, teams, task forces, and similar groups. 5. ADJOURNINIG: The groups prepare to disband.
The high task performance is no longer the required goal. The attention is towards the wrapping up of the activities and responses of the group members .The responses of group members vary in this stage. Some are upbeat, basking in the group’s accomplishment. Some are depressed over the loss of colleagues and friends made during the course. CONCLUSION:
The groups operate on a common task and common attitudes. The group dynamics is concerned with the interaction between the group members in a social situation. This is concerned with the gaining in the knowledge of the group, how they develop and their effect on the individual members and the organization in which they function.
The group dynamics is essential to study since it helps to find how the relationships are made within a group and how the forces act within the group members in a social setting. This helps to recognize the formation of group and how a group should be organized, lead and promoted