Group Dynamics

What Is A Group? •Every group evolves out of a purpose (strong or weak) •The most successful teams are driven by a strong purpose, often envisioned by an inspiring and visionary leader Definitions of Groups •A Psychological Group is any number of people who (a) interact with each other, (b) are psychologically aware of each other, and (c) perceive themselves to be a group. Huczynski & Buchanan •A Group is defined as two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives. Stephen Robbins Types of Groups Formal Groups: These are groups in an organization, which have been consciously created to accomplish the organization’s collective purpose and are defined by the organization’s structure, with designated work assignments and tasks. Formal groups may be: •Command Groups: A Command Group is determined by the organization chart and consists of individuals who report directly to a given manager. •Task Groups: A Task Group consists of individuals who are working to achieve a given common goal or complete a given project. A Task group may consist of people from across functions. Informal Groups: An Informal Group is a collection of individuals who become a group when members develop interdependencies, influence one another’s behavior and contribute to mutual need satisfaction. Informal groups may be: •Interest Groups: People who may or may not be aligned into common command or task groups may affiliate to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned. Such groups are called Interest Groups. •Friendship Groups: Individuals who have common characteristics form social alliances that extend beyond the work place to form friendship groups. Group Properties & Processes(Characteristics) •Interaction – Group members do things to and with each other. Most such