Governments especially in the South prevent

their states developing, thus adding to the divide. Too many underdeveloped states are spending too much on arms trade rather than on more resourceful aspects such as health and education. To give an example Iraq is spending 32% of their GNP of military, while Iraq has 19. 2%; this is a slightly back dated estimate so it would be best to assume the percentages would be higher. 15 As many states in north are aiding those in the south, this causes a detrimental effect on the south.

Although, the states from the north are aiding with good intentions, any aid that helps a part of the economy that a government is trying to develop will only prevent development and not help the country get to grips with its true economic situation. There are serious deficiences in this ideology of 'North-South' divide. The North uses the free trade ideology as a means of domination over the resources and livelihoods of the people of the South.

To bring about a change in 'fortunes' for developing states like Africa, a number of obstacles have to be overcome. The first being the ideology of 'free trade' that contaminates every level of policy making in many countries. Most officials and ministers 'do not know they do not know' or are 'politically' helpless in the face of free trade ideology. 16 The principles of 'free trade' which are presented as inherently good are unsurprisingly absent in the North's approach to agriculture.

In agriculture free trade is turned on its head, because the WTO allows the North to use 'trade distorting' subsidies – state intervention that distorts the market: the ultimate trade sin. 17 What needs to be done is that developing countries need to learn about international trade, they need to fight and make sure organisations such as the WTO and the IMF (International Monetary Fund) give fair justice to all states whether developed or developing.

There are other views on development that are simply not canvassed at all by governments because they do not realise that they do not know; meaning developing states do not have all the information or even have access to information, therefore do not know what areas they can improve on or what areas they can fight against the developed countries. To give an example, a developing state cannot fight against developed countries over injustice if they do not have the resources or right information; the problem lies in that they do not realise that they actually do not know about certain policies but they think they do.

Problems can be solved if organisations such as the WTO actually provide service not just for the North but also for the South. According to Mr. Atkinson of Oxfam, to bring peace and equality amongst economies in the world there needs to be a global framework of rules; which the WTO can provide, but those rules have to allow nations of the South to catch up to nations of the North at their own speed. 18 To conclude, this essay has looked at the global North-South economic divide and has provided reasons as to why it still exists in world politics today.

Reasons such as colonialism and the given example of Zambia and their reliance on copper. According to Kurt Achin who writes for 'Voice of America', the global north-south economic divide remains the fault line in approaching the next world trade summit. 19 So as it can seen, the global North-South divide exists today for a variety of reasons, and it will continue to exists in world politics until these reasons are put straight and rectified so that equality can be share with the North and South.

However, this view is not shared by all, as those 'powerful' states would prefer to have this 'divide' so that their economies can stay dominant and powerful.

Reference

Martens, P. (2003), International Centre for Integrative Studies: The Globalisation Timeline, University of Maastricht, vol. 4, no. 3, pp 137-144 Thierien, P. J (1999), Beyond the North-South divide: The two tales of world poverty, Academic Search Elite, vol. 11, no. 1, Issue 4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North-south_divide