The government has a critical role in festivals particularly regarding the financial issues, and they have decisive influences in the programming interests as a consequence. Festivals which are subsidized by the state bear the responsibility to carry out the government’s will, which is to be relatively popular, highly acceptable, and intensely visible (European Forum, 2003 p. 154). “Four government roles can be identified in this study according to the definitions as initiator, organiser, commissioner, and funder.
There are other festivals which operate independently and receive a great amount of funds from the government but not as commissioned organisations. These festivals have more freedom to program compared to the commissioned ones. John Myerscough’s (1988) ground breaking study on the financial significance of the arts in Britain was the predecessor of a important body of research on the economic penalty of cultural interference and on their societal allusion, how they donate to enhance social capital (Williams, 1997) and to a steady, secured and innovative society (Matarasso, 1997).
These developments have been encouraged by a variety of political and economic factors. The New Labour government’s decided to make spending by public services more apparent and answerable and to support its social programme for issues such as social exclusion, instruction and neighbourhood regeneration. This has corresponded with a rising detection of the economic and social value of the growing industries.
These factors collectively joined to produce a shift in the fundamental political principle for public support for cultural and artistic activity where such venture now needed to justify itself in terms of the involvement of the arts to fiscal prosperity and social well-being or consistency. This direction is apparent in such surveys actuated by Selwood (2001) and Reeves (2002). Newcastle Upon Tyne
The city of Newcastle Upon Tyne has become one of the most exiting cities both in the UK and in Europe, with huge areas of the inner city made up of architectural and historical connotation The city and its surroundings host a number of attractions and cultural landmarks including the Baltic Art Gallery, The Millennium Bridge and the famous Angel of the North. As for festival and event activity, it is host to Evolution and the Irish Festival as well as Europes biggest travelling fair know as “The Hoppings. ”
“Newcastle is a city of festivals and entertainment, with home events all year round. There are celebrations for comedy, dance and film, literature and jazz. ” (About Newcastle Upon Tyne, 2007). It is important to have these assets in a city. The residents of Newcastle will feel a sense of pride while visitors see an opportunity for investment. Large amounts of funding was given to enhance the events and cultural activities happening in Newcastle in the attempt to make a strong bid for The European City of Culture 2008.
Wining this status would have done wonders for the city and meant a lot more funding for future projects would be available. The city can also offer all forms of entertainment in the arts. Theatres include the Theatre Royal which is residence to the Royal Shakespeare Company as well as a range of dance tour acts. As for music, the impressive building known as the Sage Gateshead, is a centre offering a huge selection of live classical and traditional music, also with breakthrough schooling facilities.
For alternative acts the City Hall and Metro Radio Arena offer fresh local and national talent. (About Newcastle Upon Tyne, 2007). Liverpool City of Culture As a centre of cultural, maritime and sporting excellence, the successful bid of Liverpool to become the European Capital City of Culture for the present year 2008 is backed by it’s unparalleled heritage combined with architectures equally unsurpassed owing to the world renowned waterfront, named as UNESCO World Heritage Site (Liverpool, 2008).
This magnificent waterfront architecture is accolade by a variety of heritage savvy buildings and monuments more than any other UK city outside of London that preceded that city’s reputation as a spot of a real architectural distinction. Best known for the Beatles legacy, Liverpool takes this in precedence and the groups’ unique legacy can be witnessed all over the city. Remarkable spots like Penny Lane and Strawberry Fields are recognized as a popular tourist trail that thereby attracts thousands of fans from around the world.
Its maritime trade in the 19th century and the Beatles in the 20th century, and now the title bestowed upon it as the capital Of Culture and the World Heritage Status it was given has propelled Liverpool in the international map and beckoning everyone from around the world to see and discover for themselves what makes this prime tourist destination spot a place to be remembered.