Employee behavior and relations are influences by many government, economic, and social factors. To understand employee behavior you have to first understand what external and internal factors influence employees. Employee behavior primarily depends on what type of company or organization the employee works for. Employees that work in private sector will surely have different behavior from employees who work in the criminal justice system. The values tend to be enormously different than private sector organizations. Police, courts, and corrections are separate governmental institutions with different goals, histories and operating procedures.
Viewing the various components of criminal justice system highlights the fact that employee behavior at, these different agencies are interdependent and interrelated. Though separate employee at these agencies are tied together because they must interact with one another. Criminal justice system employee’s have an obligation to respect the rule of law and our system of democracy by upholding federal, state and local laws (Queensland Government, n.d). Our system of government affects employee behavior in three ways law, democracy, and government policies.
The first affect on employee behavior is law. Law is a body of rules enacted by public officials, as society’s means of protecting the persons, rights, and property of its citizens. For example everyone is guaranteed equal treatment under the law. The rule of law is concerned with defining the relations between citizens and their government and, to important extent, the relations of citizens to each other. The starting point of most discussion of law is compliance, since the purpose of creating laws and empowering legal authorities is to establish and maintain social order by regulating public and employee behavior (Tyler, 2006).
The ideal of a political society in which law constrains and guides the exercise of power by rulers dates from the beginnings of systematic thought in the Western world. The rule of law phrase is not is not of ancient lineage. Many incidents employees encounter are deeply rooted in the tradition of our consciousness involving the expressions of the rule of law. The rule of law concept possesses not only a long historical view and tradition on employee behavior, but also the attributes of encompassing extraordinarily broad areas of public behavior on conveying different and sometimes conflicting understandings and meanings (Hart, 1961).
In the criminal justice system the rule of law influences employee behavior by establishing applicable legal norms and codes of conduct for employees. Employees of our justice system should primarily be concerned with the obligations of enforcing the rule of law, by demonstrating loyalty and obedience to legitimate law. Employee behavior is often affected when members of the law enforcement law enforcement profession are caught breaking the laws that they have sworn to uphold. Law enforcement employees find it disheartening when officer, judges, or lawyers make unethical decisions (Zuidema & Duff, 2009).
Studies pertaining to police corruption and dishonest behavior have not resulted in a consensus concerning why this issue exists or how to address the effects it has on employee behavior (Zuidema & Duff, 2009). The rule of law not only involves our personal lives as citizens but affects our behavior at work as well. For example, it is against the law to consume illegal narcotics weather at home or work.
These types of laws not only help to maintain order in our society, but help to also guide employee behavior as well. These are special policies adopted by an employer under the procedure prescribed by law, which establishes the rules of behavior for the employer and the employee. As a result, the rule of law plays a sufficient role in creating some of the rules for an employee’s behavior.
Our system of government is democracy, which is established to operate in accordance with the rule of law (Queensland, n.d ). Therefore, democracy has an effect on employee behavior by allowing employees perception of law embody fundamental notions of justice, fairness, and decency. Democracy allows employees the rights and freedoms to form unions, peaceful voice their opinions through strikes and protests. Under these legal rules, millions of employees are in unions, exercising their basic democratic rights (Shaiken, 2007).
Diminishing employee’s the right to organize damages democracy (Shaiken, 2007). In 1980 President Ronald Reagan spoke expressively about the role or unions in a democratic society. He also spoke about employees struggle to sustain the fundamental human and economic rights, such as the right to work and reap the fruit’s one’s labor, the right to assemble, the right to strike, and the right to freedom of expression(Shaiken,2007). Beyond their core role in democracy, unions shape employee behavior by allowing employees to have a principle voice in the political arena pushing for issues such as the minimum wage, unemployment insurance, Medicare and Medicaid, and a host of other measures. One that effectively enforces democracy is through the Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA).
What this Act does is straightforward, it allows workers to form a union if a majority of people in a workplace sign up for one, short circuiting employer-dominated representation campaigns. In addition, it provides meaningful penalties for those who violate workers’ rights and ensures that, if workers choose a union, then collective bargaining actually results. The Act restores free choice and balance to a system that was driven by aggressive employers, and anti-union, coercion, and fear (Shaiken, 2007). Basically, democracy influences employee behavior in a positive way by allowing employee the right to be treated fair and just at work and by allowing employees the same democratic rights at work as in society.
Lastly, there are countless numbers of government policies that have an effect of employee behavior. In the criminal justice system and even in the private sector they are governmental policies such as fair labor laws. Labor laws are governmental policies or law which addresses the legal rights and restrictions on employees within their organization. The labor movement has been instrumental in enacting laws and policies that protecting the rights of employees.
The Office of Personnel Management has strict government policies regarding federal employees and the use of drugs and alcohol. Employee behavior is affect because they know that there is a “zero tolerance” for illegal drug use by federal employees on or off the job. Drug use or possession will not be tolerated on government property or in government vehicles. There are also polices related to alcohol consumption during working hours or in government vehicles. Federal employee are prohibited from the use of alcohol that lead to an abusive, threatening, or harassing or otherwise inappropriate behavior toward supervisors, employees, and the public.
One of the biggest and most popular government policy or law is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), is responsible for enforcing federal law which makes it illegal to discriminate against job applicants or employee’s because of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, and disability(EEOC, n.d).
Under this government policy it is also illegal to discriminate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a complaint, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. This law encourages employees to act in a lawful manner while at work, and to not discriminate or harass other employees. Employees must comply with the EEO laws or face discharge. All of the aforementioned policies affect employee behavior in some way.
In conclusion, employee behavior is affected by three fundamental things law, democracy, and government policies. This behavior might differ depending on the type of organization, however in the criminal justice system employees are expected to adhere to the rule of law. The law relates to the democratic process and governmental policy thru employee behavior by the allowance of governmental policy towards the employee freedoms that are generated by the law toward employees.
Employees are given the right thru a non-political system that attempts to regulate the governmental employees’ behavior. Can it be required to allow the freedom of democracy to fully express the rights of workers and balance the rule of law? The law gives a system of rules that governs the affairs of state. The system of governmental should balance the rights of its employees and the rule of government.
Through democracy employees are allowed the rights to freely express their feeling regard work related issues, such as union, and labor laws. Employees are allowed to be involved with the rule of in their place of work and at home. Employee behavior is affected by things such as Employee Free Choice Act, fair labor laws, and EEOC laws. Law, democracy, and government policy have a considerable affect on employee behavior by set the rules and guidelines and freedoms for employee’s to follow.
Moscow Times. (2010). HR policies Required for All Employers by Law. Retrieved from http://www.themoscowtimes.com/business/business_for _business/article/hr-policies-rquired.htm
Queensland Goverment. (n.d.). Respect for the Law and System of Government. Retrieved from http://www.educatin.gld.gov.au/corporate/codeofconduct/respect.html
Tyler, T. (2006). Why People Obey the Law. Princeton University Press. Retrieved from http://press.princton.edu/chapters/p230.html
Shaiken, H. (2007). Unions, the Economy, and Employee Free Choice. Retrieved from http://www.shardprosperity.org/bp181.html
Zuidema, B., & Duff,H.W. (2009).organizational Ethics through Effective leadership. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gove/pulications/leb/2009/march2009/plice_practice.htm