The United States government’s main purpose for the fostered monopoly or oligopoly ownership throughout radio’s history was to ensure tight information control as well as military security. However, what was initially seen as an effort to improve national security turned out to be a drive of individual based profit seekers. Although this helped the state of radio elevate to some degree, it also denied some of the core principles of communication and market freedom that would have been beneficial to all.
In my personal opinion, the government’s move was more disadvantageous, as it suppressed the freedom of communication, while promoting the personal interests of profit seekers. Government’s Purpose The government’s main purpose for the fostered monopoly ownership of radio was to ensure tight information control as well as military security. It started as a response to the two most important issues affecting radio in the 1900s: ship radio requirements and signal interference. Two laws were passed by the Congress to address these issues, namely the Wireless Ship Act in 1910 and the Radio Act of 1912.
With the coming of the World War One in 1914, the government, particularly the military, became very concerned on the availability of wireless radio, then controlled by American Marconi (a subsidiary of British Marconi), which can be used to spy and infiltrate the country. What the government did then was vital to the nation’s status: it controlled the communication systems, including wireless communication equipment, as a defensive mechanism against espionage and infiltration and other activities that can affect the nation’s integrity.
This had lots of implications later in the course of radio history but was more advantageous to the US in the sense that they control a new technology that could be useful for enemy countries that time. The United States government fostered monopoly or oligopoly ownership throughout radio’s history to ensure tight information control as well as military security, initially what was seen as an effort to improve national security turned out to be a drive of individual based profit seekers which in turn shaped the modern state of Radio within the country and around the world today.
This stemmed from the two most important international issues affecting radio in the 1900’s, which was ship radio requirements and signal interference. This crucial period in radio saw the Congress pass the Wireless Ship Act in 1910 as well as the Radio Act of 1912. The Wireless Ship Act of 1910 required all U. S. vessels with more than 50 passengers aboard and traveling about 200 miles off the coast be equipped with a 100-mile-range wireless equipment while the Radio Act of 1912 was established in an effort to reduce the cramming of the airwaves by amateur radio operators which was an increasing problem during the period.
With World War One in the horizon in 1914, the U. S. Navy posed a question if it was wise to defer so much leverage to a foreign controlled company as American Marconi the U. S. subsidiary of British Marconi had a good reputation within the wireless industry. This led to a series of events that shaped the state of radio from then on with United States interest in emerging as an international force to be reckoned with, control over communications such as the wireless communication equipment and so on was undoubtedly one of the first waves of defense in staving off foreign espionage and infiltration.
The policies within this period were advantageous to the United States in the sense that it generally helped define the role of the nation as a pioneer in mass communication as well as guaranteed the nations’ control over equipment that could have otherwise proved to be useful to foreign countries and in turn prove to be the United States demise if foreign countries could have been able to land some of the equipment they requested.
Another positive impact policies within this period had was the impact it had on the nation’s military force, which eventually led to the countries stamp as one of the world’s super powers today as envisioned by President Woodrow Wilson and eventual President, Franklin Roosevelt. On the other hand it hampered the growth of this period and of subsequent periods after this period, in the sense that it restricted the growth of the industry as well as created a lot of tyranny and piracy in the application of the policies within the period.
This eventually led to numerous modified policies. The disadvantages and advantages of government fostered ownership in radio or any other industry for that matter varies and they both affect the society tremendously. While the advantages might be well enough to sustain the problems the disadvantages might present the same thing could be said vice-versa.
While education is notably the foundation for the success of our youth as well as children, most commercial broadcasters opt to often omit its importance because the audience, according to trends of surveys and things of that nature seem disinterested, however government fostered broadcasters often are able to air these shows due to the funding available because they are not under pressure or in competition.
They do not rely on advertising as a source of revenue but this leads to extreme criticism that government fostered broadcasters are unresponsive to what their viewers demand. Critics also claim that government fostered ownership might lean towards the government interest in certain situations. News and general information aired to the public might favor the governments’ interest in more than one sector. Commercial ownership also has their faults as critics claim they could be bias based on certain forms of culture patterns.
There is also the notion of lack of quality and risk in programming which could eventually devalue the industry. Based on certain values though, government fostered ownership is positive in the aforementioned areas as they are not pressured to answer to advertisers as most of these enterprises are normally licensed to nonprofit organizations are sometimes are well funded by the government and another notable revenue that could be deemed an advantage is public donations which could also be community based.
Finally, to ensure the quality of radio, this medium needs to refrain from positions that could compromise its position in the future to ensure this medium is not displaced; all factors must be considered thoroughly in other to avoid losing another great invention which occurred during our time. Write a 750-1000 word essay including citations and references about the following statement: The U. S. government fostered monopoly or oligopoly ownership throughout tadios history.
Why do you think this occurred and how do you think that policy benefited or disadvantaged the development of radio? Demonstrate logical inquiry, while suspending judgementby equitably considering both the disadvantage snad advantages of government fostered ownership in you discussion by choosing which you favor. Define the problem effectively citing evidence of pros and cons, indntify consequences for various stakeholders and consider altrnatives in your decison making process. References [Insert Reference List here]