Education in the United States is provided mainly by the government, with control of and funding for coming from different three levels: federal, state, and local. School attendance is mandatory at the elementary and secondary levels. At these levels, school curricula, funding, and other policies are set through locally elected school boards with jurisdiction over individual school districts. Educational standards and standardized testing decisions are usually made by state governments.
Higher education is education that is provided by universities, community colleges, and other collegial institutions that award academic degrees, such as career colleges. Cleary, education is publicly provided for all Americans. Elementary education is determined by individual school districts. The school district selects curriculum guides and textbooks that are reflective of a state's learning standards and benchmarks for a given grade level. Learning standards are the goals which states and school districts must meet yearly as mandated by “No Child Left Behind.
” This description of school governance is simplistic at best, however, and school systems vary widely not only in the way curricular decisions are made but in how teaching and learning takes place. High school level, students take a broad variety of classes without special emphasis on any particular subject. Curricula vary widely in quality and rigidity; for example, some states consider 70 (on a 100-point scale) to be a passing grade while others consider it to be as low as 60 or as high as 75.
Also many high schools offer a wide variety of elective courses although the availability of such courses depends upon each particular school's financial resources and desired curriculum emphases. Higher education in the United States takes place in colleges or universities and commonly consists of four years of study at an institution of higher learning. Like high school, the four undergraduate years are commonly called freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior years (alternately called first year, second year, etc. ).
Students traditionally apply to receive admission into college, with varying difficulties of entrance. Admissions criteria involve the grades earned in high school courses taken, a student GPA, and standardized test scores such as the SAT or the ACT tests). Most colleges also consider more subjective factors such as a commitment to extracurricular activities, a personal essay, and an interview. Education in the United States is provided students can have benefit from it. All students can make progress in their life by continue with the benefits that schools and government provide for all students.