The Checks and Balances System The United States government is set on principles that were made by the people, for the people. Everything within the constitution was developed in an impartial and adequate manner, with the best interest of the nation in mind. The framers believed that it was necessary to create a strong national government, but they wanted to avoid the same model used by Great Britain. Therefore, the framers decided on what we know as the federal system, this system divides the power of government, making national power prevailing.
The checks and balances system is a concept that is influential in the separation of powers; it keeps every branch as equals. This system grants each branch its own set of powers and abilities to verify that another branch does not abuse its powers. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws; this is identified as the balances for the respective section. It consists of both the Senate and the House of Representatives, making it bicameral. Other balances that are exclusive to the legislative branch are, the ability to declare war, the passing of all federal laws, and the ability to set the federal budget. (“The Legislative Branch”).
For instance, if the president wants to declare war on a country, he must convince the legislative branch to pass the declaration, otherwise, it is denied. If a law is passed and it is considered unconstitutional or it is no good, the judicial branch can deny the passing of the law. The legislative branch would then reconsider and fix the law to make it appropriate. The checks that this branch has over the executive and judicial branches are, the impeachment power, the ability to override presidential vetoes, and the selection of President and Vice President in the case of a tie in electoral votes.
(Kelly 2008). Even if the executive branch vetoes a bill, the legislative branch can negate it with a 2/3 vote. The legislative branch has the ability to impeach a federal judge that had been appointed for life. The system of checks and balances serves its purpose regulating the power of the legislative branch as it does to the executive. The main objective or balances of the executive branch is to enforce and effectuate laws. The president and vice president of the United States make up this branch, and it is the president who appoints the heads of federal agencies, whose purpose is to administer and implement laws on a daily basis.
The executive branch is also responsible for the making of foreign treaties, being commander in chief of the military, and for the pardon of people convicted in federal courts. (Kelly 2008). Although the executive branch is responsible for developing treaties, the legislative branch has to approve it before it becomes official. The executive branch can refuse to enforce any decision made by the judicial branch, including convictions of citizens. Some of the checks that this branch has over the legislative and judicial branches consists of, the power to appoint judges, the ability to call a special session of congress, and the veto power.
The executive branch basically decides who is in the judicial branch and it can also veto any law passed by congress. The checks and balances structure helps maintain order by not allowing the executive branch, or any branch, to become too powerful or inequitable. The interpretation and revision of laws are the sole purpose or balances of the judicial branch. This branch includes the Supreme Court and district courts, which are appointed by the president and approved by the senate.
Checks of the judicial branch over the legislative and executive branches include, the capabilities to declare a law and presidential actions as unconstitutionally and to provide jurisdiction in cases and disputes that arise. This branch can review and deny a law passed by the legislative branch if found undemocratic. Once a judge is appointed for life, they become free from controls of the executive branch, but the legislative branch can impeach them due to, bribery, treason, or other high crimes and misdemeanor.
Credit to the checks and balances scheme, the justice system is one that is unbiased and impartial when translating laws of the United States of America. The governmental system is ever changing and adapting to meet contemporary challenges. The three branches of government provide a division of power that abides by the system of checks and balances. Every branch is granted with an exclusive set of powers that can be opposed by another branch if composed inaccurately. This method provides a better system of government under which the general public can live and be part of the democratic republic that defines our country.
Work Cited Page “Issues – Checks and Balances. ” National Constitution Center – Constitutioncenter.
org. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://constitutioncenter. org/constitution/issues/checks-and- balances>. Kelly, Martin. “American System of Checks and Balances – Description. ” Defining Governmental Authority. 5 Nov. 2007. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://americanhistory. about. com/od/usconstitution/a/checks_balance s. htm>. “The Judicial Branch. ” Our Goverment. The White House. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://www. whitehouse. gov/our-government/judicial-branch>. “The Legislative Branch. ” Our Government. The White House. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://www. whitehouse. gov/our-government/legislative- branch>.