Another form of financing for business start-ups is promoted by the UK Government, through the DTI (Department of Trade and Industry) which provides assistance to new and expanding businesses in the form of grants and loans. This assistance is known as SFI (Selective Finance for Investments in England) it is designed for business operating or planning to operate in the designated assisted areas. However there is another newer scheme called the Enterprise Capital Funds which provides share capital finance for small growth orientated businesses.
Short terms of finance Bank Loan Loans require an agreement between the borrower and the bank. The borrowed amount must be repaid over a certain period of time. Usually bank loans are short or medium term. Banks aren't keen on long term lending because of their need for security.
Banks will sometimes change overdrafts into loans so that businesses are forced to repay at regular intervals.
Hire Purchase This is mostly used by small businesses to purchase machinery and plants. A higher purchase agreement needs a down payment by the borrower. They agree to repay the remainder in instalment over a certain payment. If the buyer falls behind on payments the finance house can repossess the item. Finance houses are less selective than banks.
Trade Credit Businesses often buy raw materials and pay for them later. They usually pay within in 30-90 days. Paying using trade credit appears to be an interest free way of raising finance. It is profitable during periods of inflation. Many companies encourage early payment by offering discounts.
Leasing- This is a contract for a business that requires the use of resources such as property machinery or equipment but in return they must get regular payments. The ownership never passes to the business in this type of finance. With a finance lease the agreement is usually for three years or more and at the end the business is given the choice of buying the resource. An operating lease is a short agreement and the payments are treated as revenue expenditure.
Capital is the money invested in a business made by the owners. The legal form of my business will determine how much capital can be invested. Since my business is a partnership we will have to make up our capital with a personal contribution as well as a loan from the bank. It is vital for me to show the bank that I am also making a contribution to the start up of my business otherwise the bank will not provide me with the loan that I need. I will be taking out a bank loan of 12,000 to cover some the start up costs of my business. This is due to the fact that I need machines: to make my product, initial stock: to start up with, EPOS and money to advertise.
What is a Bank Business Loan?
A Business loan is a fixed medium-term loan, typically for between 3 & 10 years, it only covers the purchase of the capital items such as machinery and initial start-up stock, as well as any vehicles needed to run and provide the business. Interest is charged on any bank loan and the rate depends on UK base rate.
For my business I will be taking out a Bank Business Loan of 12,000. The loan has 4 year term paying 250 a month. I decided on a four year loan as I did not want my business to go into a negative cash flow. As I would then not have enough money to restock and could lead to my business failing also making a less amount of repayments each month allows me to keep on track of my finances.
I believe that taking out a business bank loan is the best option for me because I can pay the money back monthly instalments and to keep track of my financial resources I have created a cash flow forecast along with a table to show the money coming in and going out each month. To ensure that I am managing my resources properly at the end of each month I would analysis the table and make a summary of the situation I am in at that time (whether or not I am 'financially healthy'). I will also be able to determine what I can do with the business in order to improve and progress it.
I can do this using my cash flow forecast which has an estimated recording of my income and expenditure and can be changed at any time for instance if I realised my stock was costing me less than I thought I am able to justify it with the correct amount. It is vital for me to monitor my finance due it enabling me to make more sensible choices when investing my money back into the business.