Globalisation has become one of the most debated issues around the globe. This is because globalisation is happening, and it involves everyone. The fact that globalisation could be applied in many aspects also makes it inescapable. Globalisation could be deemed as the opening up of markets, an integration of ideas from all over the globe, and the sharing of influences or even a global, united movement.
Although it is true that globalisation could generate negative effects, the good things about globalisation should not be discounted. Globalisation could bring benefits to the political world, and the economic arena. It also allows the sharing of cultures and ideas. The fact that globalisation is a by-product of technological advances also makes resistance futile. Thus, I believe that globalisation should not be resisted entirely.
Firstly, with globalisation, the political world would be more stable and may prove beneficial to all. Globalisation would enable political leaders to act together for the benefit of all, instead of acting unilaterally. Leaders would soon realise that the fate of their country would also depend on the well-being of other nations. A globalised world would be one where countries are interdependent on each other. This may be because every country may have a strategic interest in another location, or its monetary support is crucial for the economy. One example would be the United Nations' current situation: the attack on Iraq. An attack on Iraq may increase the price of oil.
However, the threat of weapons of mass destruction is no trifling matter. This predicament highlights the fact that everybody in this world is affected by the acts of others. The United Nations symbolises the beginning of a united, integrated and globalised world. However, countries should not wholeheartedly embrace the globalisation cause, as over-dependence could mean giving up control to external influences. Still, if globalisation is continued with care, the political world could benefit a lot by acting for the sake of the larger good. Therefore, globalisation should not be resisted.
Secondly, globalisation can benefit the economy. Globalisation has brought diminishing international borders and the fusing of individual national markets. Many economists would agree that the next big step is to expand business influence all over the globe and utilise whatever benefits the world has to offer, such as cheap labour. With the rise of technology, especially in the telecommunications field, this is very much possible. Multinational Companies (MNCs) possess the ability to inject huge amounts of money on a particular project. To a developing country, the influx of money is very much welcomed. Add this to the fact that these companies could extend their reach globally.
The fall of protectionist barriers has stimulated free movements of capital and paved the way for companies to set up several bases around the world. Of course, MNCs would exploit a country with cheap labour. A worker in an MNC factory in a Third-World country may not get as much pay as his counterparts in the West. This is arguably bad in the sense that these people are exploited for money, but the main issue is this: job opportunities are available. When Singapore was a developing country and fresh from its separation from Malaysia, its leaders decided to welcome MNCs.
This step brought Singapore up economically, and became well-known all over the world for its commercialist environment in South-East Asia. In another example, comparing countries in Africa, countries that are the most democratic – and with the most freedom – are South Africa, Nigeria and Ghana. Coincidentally, these countries are the most pro-trade and the most integrated in the world economy and the most globalised. Hence, globalisation should not be resisted as it has the ability to benefit the economy.
Globalisation, if integrated with the correct steps, may provide a way for a culture to survive. Many argue that globalisation may well dilute our culture as we are bombarded with many other foreign influences. However, I believe that for a culture to survive globalisation, it should integrate, and not resist. It is true that when we open ourselves to the world, the world in turn opens its diversity and variety to us. In order to withstand the test of globalisation, it should not oppose it, but find a new place in society. I believe ideas to resist globalisation in order to preserve our cultural heritage cannot stand.
However, I also believe that it is up to the people to preserve and adapt their culture in a new environment, instead of being sanguine about it. Proper measures have to be initiated, for instance promoting Chinese New Year for the Chinese or Hari Raya Aidiladha for the Muslims. In this sense, globalisation should be given resistance only to buy time for people to prepare their culture to face the onslaught of globalisation.