In the modern world, on the basis of the recent changes that exist as a result of the exchange of information, transportation, and the trade in goods and sales, crime has become a demand-driven global phenomenon. In view of the situation, the sociological study of crime that covers resourceful information over criminals and the punishment of criminals must become global in its scope. The aforementioned coveys that comparative criminology, the international study of crime, should be considered when weighing the pros and cons of a situation before making a decision, and not regarded as a separate subject.
Based upon this assumption, this academic paper will assess criminal justice from a global perspective covering the various fundamental factors that have an impact on the United States criminal justice systems and processes. Criminal Justice and Global Social Change There are many major global crimes and other criminal issues that may continue to arise developing to a more complex state becoming a transnational crime that can have an impact on the global justice systems and processes. For instance, the war against drugs and on terrorism is both a major global crime.
They are group of businesses controlling the markets acquiring common goals to gain profit using any means of violence when necessary to gain power. Moreover, global crimes will continue to expand for many years on a personal level to maintain their structure and methods of operation. In this case, global crimes are very difficult to be assessed based on the various factors that fail to provide enough information to evaluate the event that occurred, but have a thorough understanding on how it has a major effect whether it is nationwide or worldwide.
The transnational criminal justice systems must strengthen their gathering of secret information and enforcement capabilities nationally and internationally to well identify, target, and apprehend criminals that aid in the commission of a global organized crime. “We have as witnesses today members of both the law enforcement community, both domestic and international, and the private sector, all of whom are exceptionally knowledgeable on both the depth of the problem and its potential solutions” (The Threat from International Organized Crime and Global Terrorism, 1997).
Global cooperation among global criminal justice authorities is very effective. The Sensibility of International Criminal Law The rise of international criminal laws continues to attract attention encompassing various types of legal systems operating in countries around the world; for example, civil law, common law, and Islamic law and Socialist Law traditions. The United States and many countries are built on a civil code system to avoid confusion.
In addition to this, Commonwealth countries have some elements of customary laws that exist close up against their legal system. Although there are significant distinctions in the past history, development, principles, and applications of the various types of international criminal laws, when put to practical use within a nation-state they may share common features. The process of globalization has a huge impact on the international laws such as the civil law of a state that helps to deal with the law of citizens’ rights.
Moreover, common law develops gradually as a result of traditional and jurisdictive decisions, as separate from the law put forward by legislative associations. However, there are other legal systems apart from common law in other countries. Although common law is one distinguishing feature employed in English-speaking countries and members of the Commonwealth, the applicability of other legal systems may have developed through use in certain areas.
Therefore, Islamic law and Socialist Law are standard principles applied as customary laws existing alongside the main legal system operating a centralized government system in which a single party without opposition rules over political, economic, social, and cultural life. To that purpose, many countries make use of practical applications of the legal systems develop mixtures of common law and other forms of law. Technology in the Criminal Justice Environment Technology has enhanced within the years into solving complex crimes using fficient techniques or tools conducted by a special task force to protect against possible undesirable events.
For example, cyber-crime is through the use of computers and information systems that potentially access another’s computer without authorization that may have a corruptive effect, especially on the mind downloading illegal material used for personal gain emphasizing necessity. However, the technological communication efforts are databases built to conduct special task force assessments to stay current with the ongoing criminal activities that develop the usage of the technological information systems without authorization.
These databases affect the communicating of information in a way to move faster and efficiently to conduct the arrest of a suspect, to obtain warrants, and to locate a criminal. In addition, the databases provide factual information to conduct further investigations and apprehensions helping the worldwide justice system to become more effective giving those faster results by means of communicating through the new innovative database technological systems.
The cyber-crime unit will conduct an extensive investigation through the usage of the new technological information systems gathering information about a particular case understudy to best track down criminals. However, the negative effect toward the new specialized technologies provides tools for criminals to perform computer-related crimes such as Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. In this case, the application was revised making the necessary changes to combat cyber-crime nationally and internationally, especially other cyber-crime laws with a global and interdisciplinary approach to combat cyber-crime to the greatest extent.
Therefore, the new specialized databases have improved with perfection challenging the effectiveness of communication within the various areas of the criminal justice system. Policing on a Global Scale “The dynamics of international policing, much like many other dimensions of world-historical processes of globalization, corroborate the viewpoint that international events have differential effects on the institutions of different nations” (Deflem, 2005).
The future of policing is well understood increasing the clarity of developments that include police technology, employment trends in law enforcement, police research, demographic changes, and the war on terrorism. Policing trends are slowly improving removing inconsistencies and imposing modern values building outreach programs for people in need of assistance helping to reduce crime to a minimum. There are some transformations with an improved usefulness in the future that mainly covers better education among law enforcement officials and organizational management.
For instance, policing on a global scale applies to combining of police department into a unit to best manage the monetary resources, further the improvement of technology, and promote equal treatment for all regardless of gender and race. Furthermore, international policing enhances progressive testing techniques to enroll and advance within the department, and making progress in the proactive planning techniques. Policing systems on a worldwide scale is taking the initiative into becoming resourceful as widely used and implemented and likely to remain so in the future.
Internationally oriented police activities are guided by expert conceptions of international crime and its enforcement, but in consequence of such conceptions of international crime, police institutions often seek to accomplish efficiency in their work with little regard for issues of legality, due process and justice” (Deflem, 2005). International Statistics on Crime and Justice Analyzing issues among the application of law that defines the classification of crimes and criminal justice processes helps to explain how a particular procedure works providing other alternatives to best combat major global crimes.
The perception toward the use of racial and ethnic profiling to prevent crime and terrorism remains an issue as law officials create new innovative policies, or revise past procedures in combating domestic terrorism. The War on Terror will continue to be a challenge, but along with additional partnerships, for example; the Federal, State, and local governments apart from the private organizations and local communities will help to alleviate this challenge.
These additional partnerships will take protective measures against terrorism and its ideology; especially bring hope and freedom to the people of the world. The War on Terror is a global impact on the United States criminal justice systems and processes as a result of the events of September 11, 2001. During the month of December, federal investigators initiated voluntary interview rather than because of external pressure or force with more than 5,000 young foreign national from Middle Easter countries.
Therefore, these young Middle Eastern men are interviewed if and only they resided in the United States within the last two years from areas among the country that were associated to terrorism. “ The mission of responsible criminal justice professionals in combating terrorism is to take what they know to be true about the ethnic identity of the September 11th assailants, and combine it with other factors developed through investigation and analysis to focus investigative efforts and avoid casting a net too wide” (Siggins, 2002).
Criminal justice professionals takes an initiative approach putting emphasis on specializing in investigating forces upon Middle Eastern foreign nationals as a result to disregard any contributing factors necessitating suspicion. Therefore, protective measures are implemented by criminal justice professionals to protect against potential undesirable events through infiltration and surveillance; therefore, everyone will have to accommodate in response to the new level of government intrusion.
Assessing the United States criminal justice system from a global perspective highlights innovative learning methods, assist in helping to clarify principles, and helping to find solutions to help resolve conflicts. There are many contributing factors to the recent and future trends in the criminal justice system that will interface between components of the system and connections with surrounding society.
There is a great progress attained in the past decade on the way to deciding justice issues, dilemmas, and disputes about contentious topics while providing futuristic visions for the criminal justice field. Critical issues surrounding the criminal justice system are constantly in flux, seeking ways to maximize their efficiency facing American society. With this set forth, global perspective covering the various fundamental factors helps to gain reliable knowledge on the importance of the criminal justice system that implements plans and strategies in a changing society.