The United States is known around the world for its extremely high crime rates and it’s over populated prison system, but crime happens everywhere around the world. Crime unfortunately happens in every country, crosses borders and affects national and international justice systems. This paper will discuss some of the major global crimes happening across the world today and the different international justice processes in various countries. Finally to be discusses; the different avenues taken by law enforcement to combat some of these global crimes.
As mentioned above no one is safe from crime all countries have problems with it. Crime becomes an international community problem when it transcends borders. Crimes such as drug trafficking, terrorism, alien and contraband smuggling, fraud, extortion, money laundering, bribery, gangs, economic espionage, intellectual property theft, and counterfeiting and cybercrime are major crimes affecting international justice systems (“International Crime Control Strategy”, 2003). Mexican and Colombian drug traffickers import marijuana, cocaine and other drugs on a daily basis across American borders as well as into other countries.
Mexico and Latin America are not the only countries that traffic drugs. A large portion of Southwest Asian heroin is consumed in Western Europe, Pakistan, and Iran, traffickers operating from Middle Eastern locations smuggle heroin into urban neighborhoods in the United States (“Almanac Of Policy Issues”, 2003). Another type of international crime is cybercrime. Cybercrimes are committed from a computer or a network and are different from most other crimes. According to McConnell International (2000), “They are easy to learn how to commit; they equire few resources relative to the potential damage caused; they can be committed in a jurisdiction without being physically present in it; and they are often not clearly illegal” What’s Different About Cyber Crime? ). International cybercrimes include a wide range of crimes such as child pornography, common copyright offences, fraud, and identity theft just to name a few. Besides drug trafficking and cybercrime as major problems in international crime there is also human trafficking. Human trafficking is an international crime; it is a modern form of slavery. The most common form of human trafficking is for sexual exploitation.
Sexual exploitation accounts for 79 percent of all trafficking and 18 percent account for forced labor. Children account for 20 percent of all human trafficking worldwide. The regions of the world with the most severe trafficking problems are Southeast Asia (the Mekong region including Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar/Burma), South Asia (the Indian subcontinent, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), the former Soviet Republics (Russian Federation, Ukraine, Moldova, etc. ) which are poorer countries (“Made By Survivors”, n. d. ).
The final destinations for these victims of human trafficking are richer countries such as Australia and the United States. Law enforcement from around the world have had to join forces to combat these global crimes. The United Nations is an international organization that has had a tremendous effect in helping different countries work together when it comes to international law and international security. The United Nations has increased the communication between countries. When crimes are committed in different countries with different laws it becomes hard to punish those who have committed an international crime.
Many of the countries have changed their legislation to fight international crime. The United States has taken steps in addressing these crimes by stationing law enforcement in other countries. Currently the FBI has legal attachments to over 20 countries. After the United Nations International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is the second largest international organization that promotes and facilitates international cooperation between world law enforcement agencies. INTERPOL has developed strategic partnerships with other international organizations and private sector bodies to combat global crime.
The United States and other countries have difference of opinions on what types of punishments or consequences are to be fall someone trafficking drugs and other crimes. For example the penalty for trafficking 1,000 kilograms of marijuana in America is no less than 10 years, not more than life in prison. In Malaysia, a man is sentenced to death for less than two pounds of marijuana and in China a man is sentenced to death for trafficking methamphetamines. This is a harsh sentence when compared to the Netherlands where possession of marijuana is legal.
The penalty for trafficking marijuana in the Netherlands is 4 years and or a fine of 67,000 euros. In conclusion global crime is just that global. It takes the cooperation of all countries that want to keep their countries safe from crimes that will eventually affect their societies. Organizations like the United Nations and INTERPOL help to create easier communication and collaboration between the countries. As for the penalties and consequences of international crime, certain guidelines that go for all everyone that commits an international crime should be put in place.