German Car Industry Summary

The largest shareholder of Audi AG is Volkswagen AG, which holds over 99 percent of the share capital. Volkswagen AG includes the consolidated accounts of Audi AG in its own consolidated financial statements. In recent years, the possibility of Audi being spun off or otherwise divested by Volkswagen has been mooted

Daimler AG , geramn car corp Daimler AG is a German manufacturer of automobiles, motor vehicles, and engines, which dates back more than a century. Mercedes-Benz (German pronunciation: [mɛʁˈtseːdəs ˈbɛnts]) is a German manufacturer of automobiles, buses, coaches, and trucks. Mercedes-Benz is a division of its parent company, Daimler AG It is the thirteenth-largest car manufacturer and second-largest truck manufacturer in the world. In addition to automobiles, Daimler manufactures buses and provides financial services through its Daimler Financial Services arm.

The company also owns major stakes in aerospace group EADS, high-technology and parent company of the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes racing team McLaren Group (which currently is in the process of becoming a fully independent stand-alone corporate entity[2]), and Japanese truck maker Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation produces cars and trucks under the brands of Mercedes-Benz, Maybach, Smart, Freightliner and many others. In 1998 Daimler-Benz AG “merged” with the American automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation, and formed Daimler Chrysler AG. In 2007, when the Chrysler group was sold off to Cerberus Capital Management, the name[note 1] of the parent company was changed to simply “Daimler AG”. Biofuel research

Daimler AG is involved in a joint project with Archer Daniels Midland Company and Bayer CropScience to develop jatropha as a biofuel.[25] [edit] Transport electrification Carmaker Daimler AG and the utility company RWE AG are going to begin a joint electric car and charging station test project in the German capital, Berlin, called “E-Mobility Berlin”.[26][27]

Mercedes-Benz is launching its first passenger car model equipped with a hybrid drive system in summer 2009, the Mercedes-Benz S 400 HYBRID.[27] Daimler Trucks is the world market leader in hybrid systems. With its “Shaping Future Transportation” initiative, Daimler is pursuing a clear-cut objective for trucks and buses. The Mitsubishi Fuso “Aero Star Eco Hybrid” is now setting new standards in practical trials in Japan.[28] Motoren Werke AG (info) (BMW), (literally English: Bavarian Motor Works) is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine manufacturing company founded in 1916. It also owns and produces the Mini brand, and is the parent company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW produces motorcycles under BMW Motorrad and Husqvarna brands. BMW is known for its performance and luxury vehicles, and is a global leader in premium car sales.

The company is a charter member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognises companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It is also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program and is on the Dow Jones Sustainability Group Index, which rates environmentally friendly companies.[26]

BMW has taken measures to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models more efficient, as well as developing environmentally friendly fuels for future vehicles. Possibilities include: electric power, hybrid power (combustion, engines and electric motors) hydrogen engines.[27] BMW offers 49 models with EU5/6 emissions norm and nearly 20 models with CO2 output less than 140 g/km, which puts it on the lowest tax group and therefore could provide the future owner with eco-bonus offered from some European countries.

However, there have been some criticisms directed at BMW, and in particular, accusations of greenwash in reference to their BMW Hydrogen 7. Some critics claim that the emissions produced during hydrogen fuel production outweigh the reduction of tailpipe emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 is a distraction from more immediate, practical solutions for car pollution. Vehicles sold in all markets according to BMW’s annual reports. Year| BMW| MINI| Rolls-Royce| Motorcycle|

2000| 822,181| | | |2001| 880,677| | | |2002| 913,225| | | |2003| 928,151| | | |2004| 1,023,583| | | |2005| 1,126,768| 200,428| 796| 97,474|2006| 1,185,088| 188,077| 805| 100,064|2007| 1,276,793| 222,875| 1,010| 102,467|2008| 1,202,239| 232,425| 1,212| 101,685|2009| 1,068,770| 216,538| 1,002| 87,306|2010| 1,224,280| 234,175| 2,711| 98,047|audiAudi AG (Xetra: NSU) is a German manufacturer of a range of automobiles, from supermini to crossover SUVs in various body styles and price ranges that are marketed under the Audi brand (German pronunciation: [ˈaʊdi]), positioned as the premium brand within the Volkswagen Group.[3]

The company is headquartered in Ingolstadt, Germany, and has been a wholly owned (99.55%[4]) subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1966, following a phased purchase of its predecessor, Auto Union, from its former owner, Daimler-Benz. Volkswagen relaunched the Audi brand with the 1965 introduction of the Audi F103 series. The largest shareholder of Audi AG is Volkswagen AG, which holds over 99 percent of the share capital. Volkswagen AG includes the consolidated accounts of Audi AG in its own consolidated financial statements. Electric technology

Audi is planning an alliance with the Japanese electronic giant Sanyo to develop a pilot hybrid electric project for the Volkswagen Group. The alliance could result in Sanyo batteries and other electronic components being used in future models of the Volkswagen Group.[38] Hybrid electric vehicles includes:

* Audi A1 Sportback Concept[39]* Audi A4 TDI Concept E[40]Fully electric vehicles:* Audi e-tron Concept SupercarvolkswagenVolkswagen (abbreviated VW) is the Volkswagen is the original marque within the Volkswagen Group, which includes the car marques Audi, Bentley Motors, Bugatti Automobiles, Automobili Lamborghini, SEAT, Škoda Auto and heavy goods vehicle manufacturer Scania. Volkswagen has been selling low sulphur diesel-powered engines for the European market since 2003 – reduces greenhouse emissions. A VW Golf turbo-diesel hybrid concept car was exhibited at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show, which has a fuel economy of 70 mpg (3.3 litres per 100 km).

In March 2003, on its fiftieth anniversary, Volkswagen do Brasil launched in the local market the Gol 1.6 Total Flex, the first Brazilian commercial flexible fuel vehicle capable of running on any mix of E20-E25 gasoline and up to 100% hydrous ethanol fuel’ VW’s Chief of research, Dr. Jürgen Leohold, said the company has concluded hydrogen fuel-cell cars are not a viable option’ All aelctric = The two-door E-Up! electric car concept. Volkswagen and Sanyo have teamed up to develop a battery system for hybrid electric vehicles. Environmental record:

Volkswagen first implemented its seven environmental goals in Technical Development in 1996. The plan contains themes involving climate protection, resource conservation, and healthcare, through objectives such as reducing greenhouse emissions and fuel consumption, enabling the use of alternative fuels, and avoiding the use of hazardous materials.[74] The original 1996 goals have since been revised in 2002 and 2007. Volkswagen was the first car manufacturer to apply ISO 14000, during its drafting stage and was re-certified under the standards in September 2005’ Opel:

Adam Opel AG[1] is a German automobile company founded by Adam Opel in 1862.[2] Opel has been building automobiles since 1899, has been a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors Company since 1929. Opel has announced that it will invest around 11 billion Euros in the next five years. One billion of that is designated solely for the development of innovative and fuel-saving engines and transmissions. Porsche

Porsche Automobil Holding SE, is a German automotive manufacturer of luxury high performance automobiles, owned by the Piëch-Porsche family. Porsche SE is headquartered in Zuffenhausen, a city district of Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg. Porsche SE has one main subsidiary – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG (which stands for Doktor Ingenieur honoris causa Ferdinand Porsche Aktiengesellschaft), often shortened to Porsche AG, which is responsible for the actual production and manufacture of the Porsche automobile line.

The company is majority owned by Porsche Automobil Holding SE which owns a 50.1% stake. Volkswagen AG, the parent company of the Volkswagen Group, owns a 49.9% stake. Porsche’s 2006/2007 fiscal year’s net profit was €4.2 billion. Out of this €3.6 billion was from stock option transactions, most presumably from Volkswagen AG and its dividends. Table of profits in millions of euros:

year ending| revenue| pre-tax profit|31 July 2003| €5,582m| €933m|31 July 2004| €6,147.73m| €1,137m|31 July 2005| €6,573.97m| €1,238m|31 July 2006| €7,122.67m| €2,028.2m|31 July 2007| €7,367.88m| €5,857m|31 July 2008| | |31 July 2009| | |North American salesAnnual sales 2003–2005|model| 2003[20]| 2004[21]| 2005[22]|| units| % of total| units| % of total| units| % of total| 911 (996)| 9,935 ( 18%)| 33%| 10,227 ( 3%)| 31%| 10,653 ( 4%)| 31%| Boxster| 6,432 ( 38%)| 21%| 3,728 ( 42%)| 11%| 8,327 ( 123%)| 25%| Cayenne| 13,661| 45%| 19,134 ( 40%)| 57%| 14,524 ( 24%)| 43%| total| 30,028 ( 33%)| 33,289 ( 11%)| 33,859 ( 2%)|

Annual sales 2006–2008|model| 2006[23]| 2007[24]| 2008[25]|| units| % of total| units| % of total| units| % of total| 911 (997)| 12,702 ( 19%)| 35%| 13,153 ( 4%)| 36%| 8,324 ( 37%)| 30%|Boxster| 4,850 ( 42%)| 14%| 3,904 ( 24%)| 11%| 2,982 ( 24%)| 11%| Cayman| 7,313| 20%| 6,249 ( 17%)| 17%| 3,513 ( 44%)| 13%| Cayenne| 11,141 ( 23%)| 31%| 13,370 ( 20%)| 36%| 12,898 ( 4%)| 46%| total| 36,095 ( 7%)| 36,680 ( 2%)| 27,717 ( 24%)|

U.S. salesAnnual sales 2009-2010|model| 2009[26]| 2010[27]|| units| % of total| units| % of total|911 (997)| 6,839 ( 17.8%)| 35.00%| 5,735 ( 16.1%)| 22.65%| Boxster| 1,909 ( 36.0%)| 9.69%| 2,177 ( 14.0%)| 8.60%| Cayman| 1,966 ( 44.0%)| 9.98%| 1,322 ( 32.8%)| 5.22%| Panamera| 1,247| 6.33%| 7,741 ( 520.8%)| 30.57%|

Cayenne| 7,735 ( 31.0%)| 39.27%| 8,343 ( 7.9%)| 32.94%| total| 19,696 ( 24.3%)| 25,320 ( 28.6%)|In 2010 Porsche launched the Cayenne Hybrid and announced the Panamera Hybrid and the concept 918 Spyder also featured a hybrid system. It had been previously thought that Porsche planned to offer an electric version of the Porsche 911 but this has not yet been formally announced