Gender gap in crime and delinquency

Males are more likely to commit crimes, especially the serious ones than females. The difference in the tendency to commit crimes among males and females is controlled by various factors. First, males stand a higher chance of being exposed to criminal conditions than females. Parents limit the movement of their daughters especially at night while the boy child is considered masculine and is always treated with leniency in what he does or where he spends his time. The types of friends who socialize with the girl child are closely monitored by the parents, thus limiting the risk of exposure to crime.

Peer pressure also explains the gender difference in crime since males are more likely to be exposed to friends who support delinquent behaviors. Males are more likely to form criminal gangs and engage in serious crimes than females. Female gangs operate under rigid control of their male counterparts. Moreover, females only engage in petty crimes such shoplifting. Since crimes involves taking of a conscious risk, males are more likely to take risks largely because of masculinity nature and notion of bravery.

As females mature, their parents and the society at large expect them to be responsible and accountable, as they prepare to take care of their families in the future. Therefore, females are more likely to be self-controlled than males and they will be less inclined to engage in criminal activities. This is supported by criminology theory as described by Bernard (Bernard, 2010). Reference Bernard, T. et al. (2010). VOLD’S Theoretical Criminology. New York: Oxford University Press