Gender discrimination Summary

In India, discriminatory attitude towards men and women have existed for generations and affect the lives of both genders. Although the constitution of India has granted men and women equal rights, gender disparity still remains. There is specific research on gender discrimination mostly in favour of men over women. Due to a lack of objective research on gender discrimination against men, it is perceived that it is only women who are suffering.

The research often conducted is selectively sampled, where men are left out of the picture. [1] Women are perceived to be disadvantaged at work, and conclusions are drawn that their capabilities are often underestimated. [2] Infancy to Childhood Both women and men are important for reproduction. The cultural construct of Indian society which reinforces gender bias against men and women, with varying degrees and variable contexts against the opposite sex,[3]has led to the continuation of India’s strong preference for male children.

Female infanticide, a sex-selective abortion, is adopted and strongly reflects the low status of Indian women. Census 2011 shows decline of girl population (as a percentage to total population) under the age of seven, with activists estimating that eight million female fetuses may have been aborted in the past decade. [4] The 2005 census shows infant mortality figures for females and males are 61 and 56, respectively, out of 1000 live births,[5]with females more likely to be aborted than males due to biased attitudes.

A decline in the child sex ratio(0-6 years) was observed with India’s 2011 census reporting that it stands at 914 females against 1,000 males, dropping from 927 in 2001 – the lowest since India’s independence. [6]The demand for sons among wealthy parents is being satisfied by the medical community through the provision of illegal service of fetal sex-determination and sex-selective abortion. The financial incentive for physicians to undertake this illegal activity seems to be far greater than the penalties associated with breaking the law.