Over the last few decades, the demand for equal treatment of the people in the society has increased globally. This has been due to revelation of negative effect that gender discrimination exerts to the society. Indeed it has been a major icon in limiting the overall potential in the society by both genders. This has led to the rising demand for intervention by the local and international communities in addressing the negative vice in the society. a) Wal-Mart Faces Lawsuit Over Sex, By Steven Green House, New York Times, February 16, 2003.
In the year 2003, Wal-Mart one of the largest national employer was faced with a lawsuit on its gender discriminating. Greenhouse reported that the organization was offering jobs in favor of men as opposed to women without enough premises for doing so. The article indicates that women constituted 65% of the organization's hourly employees but only 33% were in the management positions. The report also claimed that discrimination was exhibited in the organization’s pay where men got higher salaries than women.
To add to that, the San Francisco Federal Court was told that other disparities that favored men as opposed to women included promotions and area of operation in the giant organization. b) House passes two measures on job bias, By Robert Pear, New York Times, January 9, 2009. This article reports on the response by the congress to address the gender related biases in US. According to the article, the house voted to give women greater powers to challenge sexual discrimination in the work place. The article further indicates that the passing of the two bills was considered to be the correct route to enhancing greater equity in the society.
Besides, passing of the two bills as indicated by the article would overturn some of the vast cases that were in the court by then. However, the national association of manufacturers and the former president of the US opposed the two bills claiming that they would lead to surges of litigation in the country. Finally, the article indicates that from the two bills, women would be able to demand for compensatory and punitive damages from their employers for any sexual discrimination. c) UBS Ordered to pay $ 29 million in sex bias lawsuit, Ecuardo Porter, New York Times, April7, 2005.
This article indicates the great emphasis that the issue of discrimination is being given globally. The article poses one of the largest discrimination cases where Laura Zubulake a sales woman was awarded $ 20. 1 million in punitive damages plus $ 9. 1 million in compensatory damages by a New York jury. The article serves as a major wakeup call for the many women being discriminated on gender basis to come out and challenge the decisions. Latter in the article, a group of women brokers are reported to have sued Smith Barney (a unit of Citigroup) for steering the best accounts to their male colleagues and denying the same to others.
Porter argues that the emergence of these cases indicate just the beginning and projects that more would be surfacing up due to the strong rooted nature of the vice in the society. d) G'Wood newspaper sued in discrimination case. David Frey, Aspen Daily News Correspondent, April 6, 2009. This article reports a case filed in court by a lady who was discriminated on gender basis and illegally fired by the G'Wood newspapers management. Though the company had fired Mr. Fewel for his continued mistreatment of the employees, Frey reports that the court found Mrs.
Proctor's case linkage with sexual discrimination in the work place to have substantial evidence that links. It therefore forms part of the fast surfacing and piling cases on discrimination on the basis of gender in the society. As indicated earlier, this portfolio points at the rising awareness and shifting nature of the demand for justice by both genders in the society. Though countries have various laws which view gender discrimination differently, there is no sound scientific basis that can be used to justify their bias claims.
Following the escalation of gender discrimination in the society, this essay uses the sociological perspectives to explore the issue and its impacts in the society. It evaluates the implications of the current progress to address the issue in the society and derives the necessary recommendations that can assist to holistically address the issue in the society. 2. Structural functionalism perspective a) Cooperation in the society Gender discrimination in the society is so widespread such that women will at one time experience some sort of discrimination based on their gender in the US.
Notably other regions especially in the developing countries have worse conditions their work places, education, leadership, and other privileges in the society (Pinker, 2008, p. 62). Indeed, it is disheartening that bulk of their contribution to the society is not appreciated. Most of the biases are rooted on old stereotypes that are baseless and outdated for application in the society. Gender discrimination undermines the capacity of the people depending on the basis of their sex with less regard for their overall capacity to contribute to development issues.
As a result, they are segregated from their most suited positions in the community curtailing inherent cooperation with others in the same status. Arguably, this serves to kill their morale and is highly retrogressive for the society. Gender discrimination in education de-links the youths with others and therefore acts as a major factor in denying a society the necessary intellectuals and initiating others to crime (Galbraith-Marten, 2005, pp. 11-12). All the people should be given equal treatment in the society to ensure coterminous harmony between all arms of its growth and development.
b) Society as an organ and demand for development Structural sociological perspective indicates that all aspects in the society are very essential for it to effectively develop. Sociologically, the society operates from this solidarity that discrimination seeks to break. According to Frey (2009, p. 9), discrimination of proctor was unjust and therefore bound to bring her contribution to the society down. All the societal spheres have their main roles that must be appreciated for effective growth to be realized. To add to that, Clifford and Clifford (2008. p.
135) argues that most of the third world countries have remained behind due to their inability to unlock the potential covered by the gender discriminations in their regions. He continues to say that the ability of the US to assimilate the long time global status leader is largely attributed to its ability to recognize and appreciate the roles of all people in the society. Though analysts have differed over the main reason for looking down upon for women by most of the employers in the 21st century, their contribution to the society is considered to be very essential for intra-generational progress.
Tong (2008, pp. 102-105), points out that the discrimination on gender puts the world at the most dangerous peril. She adds that the society is entirely dependent on women for its propulsion. Their humane treatment therefore forms a major step in establishing effective functional units for higher returns. c) Relation of gender discrimination to productivity in the society Due to the fast rising gender discrimination cases in the society, most of the affected groups have alienated themselves away and locked their overall potential that can otherwise promote growth of the society. According to Hook (2008, pp.
129-132), turning away people on the basis of their gender kills their innovations as they seek the ability of these groups to effectively operate elsewhere in the society. Hook (pp. 144-145) indicates that gender discrimination to the young people especially in relation to education access should be discouraged for the society to derive the necessary future. Killing the hope of a young generation has been likened to sweeping it away a notion that not only threatens its social realms, but ushers in redundancy in the society. It promotes the sense of rejection and denial that easily kills the desire for progress.
Though cases of gender discrimination have been very rampant in US, the passing of the two bills in February discouraging discrimination has added weight to the earlier Sex Discrimination Act of 1984. Pear (2009, pp. 14) points out that with the bill being passed at such an early stage by a new government, it is a sign of possible uprooting of the vice with its roots in the later years. 3. Conflict perspective a)Competition for resources and its implications The occurrence of gender discrimination can best be described from the Marxist ideologies on the society.
Present conflict between different groups is a direct indication of the need for power in the society which has largely been held by the men since historical periods (Pinker, 2008, p. 65). Notably, most of the values and agendas of the men and women differs greatly but demanding application at the same area of specialization. Therefore, most of the men see their positions being threatened by the fast rising women movements in the society. Though their resistance is partially covered due to the demands of the fast changing global considerations, their intrinsic commitment is totally absent.
According to Pear (2009, p. 13), after passing the two acts to counter job discrimination in the work place earlier this year, most of the men directly rejected the bill. Pear continues to say that the Association of manufacturers and even the former president of the country expressed their dissatisfaction with the bill. Though it tries to justify the current changes in the society to result from the direct effects of the struggle for power between different groups, Clifford and Clifford (2008. pp. 121) argues that it is highly negative in outlook on the societal needs.
Human demands cannot be categorized entirely under the capitalistic demands of the Marxist views as it can form the necessary recipe for greater discrimination. b) Demand for greater recognition in the society As indicated earlier, the demand for recognition forms the basis of the rising demands for gender discrimination in the society. Through the understanding that a major platform is available in the courts of law to forward their grievances against the gender discriminators, cases have been increasing year after year. Porter (2005, p.
14) notes that the current upsurge in cases against gender discrimination is just the onset as other will soon emerge. As the conflict theory indicates, communities and groups will always demand for power either directly or indirectly to indicate their positions. Therefore, provision by the government a raised ground for justice is welcome to them as the only way to explicit their recognition. c) Emergence of new leadership and policies in the society According to Pinker (2008, pp. 41-42) gender discrimination in the society forms a rich niche for new leadership to emerge in the name of addressing the same problems in the society.
With the rising levels of gender discrimination in the society, US leaders have ascended to power on the promise to address the issue. Therefore the, the need to establish the necessary structural framework has been a major agenda since mid 20th century in US. Historically, the women rejected the role of the housewives and entered the workforce by the mid 20th century. It was during this period that the congress enacted the equal pay Act of 1964 that prohibited the employers from discriminating against their workers. Under the act, as reported by Greenhouse (2009, p.
22), Wall Mart has suffered great legal battles for discriminating the employees on the basis of gender. Most of its arms of operation do not reflect the necessary balance and women operate in areas that have lower earning as compared to their men counterparts. However, the following year saw the more specific civil rights act being passed which particularly banned discrimination on the basis sex in Title VII. Crosby, Stockade, and Ropp (2007, pp. 3-5) argue that many states failed to assimilate the act a notion that has seen gender discrimination persist for long in the country.
Similarly, legislations were passed to guard both genders from discrimination in securing credit and accessing education in US. The February passing of the two equal pay bills indicates the sensitivity of the issue and the centrality of its consideration by the current government (Robert and Adrienne, 2005, pp. 108-110). Conclusion Gender discrimination in US and globally too has had major negative impact in the people’s ability to effectively participate in social economic development.
Through negative dismissal and morale killing for the young people, the current generation is at great peril and stricter legislations should be assimilated to address the situation. Even though the situation in US appears to be improving especially with the current new administration, greater monitoring and emphasis on ethical operations at all levels should be assimilated. To add to that, the same principles should be assimilated globally to ensure a holistic application of the human rights ethical demands. Reference list Clifford, P. & Clifford, G. 2008. Gender discrimination: Social economic implication.
New Jersey: Thomson and Lillian publishing inc. , Crosby, J. , Stockade, S. and Ropp, A. 2007. Sex Discrimination in the Workplace. New Jersey:Blackwell Publishing. Frey, D. 2009. G'Wood newspaper sued in discrimination case. Aspen Daily News Correspondent, April 6, 2009. Galbraith-Marten, J. 2005. The Fight Against Discrimination in Practice: Shifting the Burden of Proof and Access to Evidence. Working Paper, Academy of European Law, Retrieved from >http://www. era. int/web/en/resources/5_1095_4982_file_en. 7063. pdf< Greenhouse, S. 2003. Wal-Mart Faces Lawsuit Over Sex. New York Times, February 16, 2003.
Retrieved from <http://www. nytimes. com/2003/02/16/us/wal-mart-faces-lawsuit-over-sex-discrimination. html< Hook, C. 2008. Introduction to human resource. New York, Prentice Hall/Financial Times Pear, R. 2009. House passes two measures on job bias. New York Times, January 9, 2009. Pinker, S. 2008. The Sexual Paradox: Men, Women and the Real Gender Gap. New Jersey: Scribner. Porter, E. 2005. UBS Ordered to pay $ 29 million in sex bias lawsuit. New York Times, April7, 2005 Robert, L. and Adrienne, C. 2005 Discrimination at work: the psychological and organizational bases.