Sexual orientation is one of the key issues that the modern society is faced with due to the emergence of an expressive same sex lobbyist group and freedom of expression. Homosexuality is controversial and its manifestation in the military is just a reflection of the levels of controversy that surrounds homosexuality.
There are two strongly opposing views on the inclusion of gay people in the military and developing an understanding of the argument that forms the basis of both sides is important in developing a consensus on the issue that has considerable significance with respect to the levels of efficiency that can be attained by the American army in protecting Americans against external threats and upholding the freedoms of the society. Discussion For a long time the American army has employed a policy that did not allow women in war fronts though they were allowed in the army.
One of the main reasons for this regulation is the low levels of performance that would be attained by marines if they were coupled (Shilts 26). Sexual relationships are often associated with emotional attachment which affects the levels of objectivity that can be attained by marines. This according to the anti gay marine lobbyists should be applicable for gay marines for they have the same effect on their partners as a woman sexual partner would have on a heterosexual marine.
Furthermore, what would is the essence of disallowing women if men who present the same risk are allowed into the military. Lack of objectivity and complication of existing measures are some of the key threats associated with allowing gay marines. Though the ability and physical strength of gay marines is not in question, their presence in marines create a negative environment where marines are prone to making subjective decision that may place the welfare of all Americans at risk due to their orientation.
Contrary to common belief most gays do not choose the life they live in that their sexual orientation is a result of factors that are beyond their control (Shilts 14). It is further important to note that gay people have comparable intellectual and physical ability as straight individuals thus any objective assessment of their abilities and contribution that they present to the army should not discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation (Shilts 34).
Furthermore, heterosexual males can have differences that are not necessarily out of close sexual relationships that may result in subjective decision making. Should the government be subjective and act in a manner that is discriminatory towards the gay then the strengths of the American military will be reduced considerably considering that more people are coming clean on their homosexual or bisexual status. Unequal treatment of Americans due to their sexual orientation should not be the case thus the US marines must treat all equally of their sexual orientation. Recommendation
The ethical challenge presented by the question on inclusion of gay people in the US military is balancing between equal treatment of a faction of the society and ensuring that critical social systems are functioning optimally. Finding a common ground in this issue is important in developing its solution and ensuring that values that define the society and social systems are upheld. Exclusion is out of the question for it will go against the rights of gays as Americans; however their inclusion in the marines should be based on a clearly set regulation that minimizes the effect of their inclusion on others.
Like women they should either be excluded from war fronts or be included under special arrangement that minimizes the effect they would have on operations. Appreciation of the fact that sexual relations lead to subjective cognition even in the most objective marines is important and should be the basis for inclusion of marines in a manner that they contribute to the marines operations without necessarily putting US in jeopardy.
This approach ensures a near equal treatment of gay individuals while ensuring a near optimal level marines performance. Both critics and lobbyists for the inclusion of gay people in the marines have lost and gained some ground as a result of development of a consensus though both parties experience some degree of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Work Cited Shilts, Randy. Conduct Unbecoming: Gays and Lesbians in the U. S. Military. New York, NY: St. Martin's Griffin, 2005.