Functions of the government Government is not operated like an enterprise this is because it has authority over its people and property. In order to ensure that a country is well governed, the government exercises its authority over its people by implementing laws, which people must follow and obey. The government has different functions, which include maintenance of power or authority, ensure National Security, Provide for the public good, Provide services, Resolve conflict, and maintain law and order.
One of the major roles of the government is to stay in power. Government does not surrender its power unless it has been forced to do so. Every government tries to enhance and increase its legitimacy to the governed by trying to identify itself with the earlier traditions with the hope for a better and prosperous future or with the fear of a possible enemy. Some governments utilize means of repression and do not relax their surveillance and vigil against imagined or real enemies or opponents.
In addition, governments tend to spread ideological commitments to the entire State via propaganda, patriotic ceremonies, and education. In an attempt to ensure the safety of its people, government employs intelligence collection bodies and the military for the defense of the country. In order to ensure domestic or local order, the prison and police system is used in instilling discipline (MacDonald 54). Additionally, the government also plays administrative function. In this case, the government realizes the tenets that its citizens must be safeguarded and served.
Due to this, the citizens must surrender a degree of personal control to the government in return; the government guarantees them protection of property and life in addition to the delivery of significant services. It is also important to note that governments are mandated in leading and supervising resolutions of warring or conflicting parties. It also ensures there is enforcement of law and order, regulate social and economic relationships among its citizens and private firms, and monitors both global trade and national income.
With the development of welfare nations, the government should offer services such as health and social insurance to the citizens. For instance, the government of the United States of America restrains the rates levied by public utilities, sets minimum wages, purchase farm produce to ensure that prices of these commodities are high, sets standards for consumption of gasoline by automobiles, prohibits the sale of hazardous goods and monitors the security of industries and factories.
In addition, the State, local and Federal governments in the United States of America participate directly in economic activity in that they produce and consume goods, lend funds to farmers, impose taxes, and insure deposits to financial institutions. The government is responsible for providing efficient services to its citizens. These services as objected to the private enterprise are regarded as public services. For instance, the government is mandated to respond to tragedies such as earthquakes and offer necessary assistance to the people (Sobel 31-4).
The government is also tasked with resolving conflicts in order to ensure peaceful co-existence and cooperation of its citizens. The government focuses on contentious issues using available resources in order to meet the demands of the conflicting students. In a means to heal past conflicts, the government ensures that political parties are created democratically through which it uses to campaign or diversity and endorse more professional and productive reactions to the contentious issues. Further, the government may form less stringent laws, which provides more freedom and autonomy between parties.
The government also utilizes its collaborative structures in order to generate better decision-making and good utilization of resources and funds. In order to ensure the security of its people, the government uses the police force to maintain law and order. The police force ensures that everybody adheres to the law despite his or her social status in society. In case, the government fails to perform the above the functions, there will be dreadful consequences. For instance, there will be delegitimization of the state in the sense that corruption among the ruling class will be rampant; there will be no transparency and accountability.
Further, it will result in continued deterioration of public services in that the diminishing of the state functions that serve the citizens incorporating failure to safeguard its citizens from violence and terrorism and to offer essential services such as sanitation, education, health, and public transportation. Additionally, there will be violation of human rights in that there is a possibility of outbreak of politically motivated violence against innocent citizens (MacDonald 59).
Increase in number of political dissents or prisoners who are subjected to brutality and denied justice. For example, a government that fails to perform its function will not be in a position to control the country as evident in the “El Sicario article. ” In this article, the rich recruit people to drive cars and pay them $ 50 across the El Paso bridge, sadly, they never know what is inside the cars, and that after delivery, they are taken to motels where women and cocaine always available.
In sum, the government is mandated to perform functions such as maintenance of power or authority, ensure National Security, Provide for the public good, Provide services, Resolve conflict, and maintain law and order. Failure to perform this functions properly will result in turmoil in the sense that people will lack basic services, there will increase criminal activities and widespread violation of people’s rights. Works cited MacDonald, Allen. Broken Government: A Call to Action. Washington, DC: A. J McDonald, 2010. Print. Sobel, Syl. How the U. S. Government Works. New York: Barron’s Educational Series, 2012. Print.