A. Aids to the students (Members)
- To provide an opportunity for interest writing.
- To give the students the opportunity to learn how to read the newspapers.
- To act as stimulus to better work
- To develop student’s powers of observation and discrimination concerning relative merits of news articles.
- To serve as an outlet and motivation for journalistic writing.
- To offer training in organization, business methods, commercial art, salesmanship, bookkeeping, and business management.
- To develop qualities of cooperation, tact accuracy, tolerance, responsibility and leadership.
B. Aids to the school and community
- To inform the community as to the work of the school.
- To publish school news.
- To create and express school opinion.
- To make known the achievements of the school.
- To help unify the school
- To encourage and stimulate worthwhile activities.
- To develop right standards of conduct.
- To provide an outlet for students, suggestions for the betterment of the school.
- To develop better interschool relationship.
- To develop School spirit.
- To develop cooperation between parents and the school.
Ethics of a School Paper
- No story shall be published which is based on rumor, gossip, or unattributed opinion.
- Words show bias in handling of news stories, concerning race, color, religious beliefs, or class should be avoided.
- Stories concerning the morale of individuals should be avoided.
- Should not print pictures which offend the sensibility of the general run of readers. Ex. Photos of dead persons or murder victims which emphasize brutality.
- Sex crimes are not the territory of the school paper.
Responsibility of the press Accuracy, Truthfulness, Objectivity – Scrupulously reports and interprets the news. – Does not suppress essential facts nor distorts the truth by omission, or wrong or improper emphasis. – Omits rumors and statements like “it was learned” , “informed sources”, and the like. – does not write a news story that he knows is not truthful after carefully checking its sources – If an error or an inaccuracy is brought to the attention of a particular newspaper, the latter should immediately publish an adequate ratification.
Professional Secrecy – The ethical journalist will not reveal confidential information given to him in the exercise of his profession. Even after leaving the profession of journalism, he may not reveal confidential information given to him while he was a journalist. Fairness and honesty in gathering the news – Resort only to fair and honest methods in gathering the news. This includes taking pictures. Refuse to pay such means as fraud, blackmail, and intimidation. He will not conceal Or falsify his identity to obtain information which would otherwise be refused to him.
Protecting juveniles and women involved in sex offenses – Do not publish the names of women involved in sex crimes, whether they are offenders or the offended. Names of below 18 years old who run afoul from the law, especially if it is the first time, should be suppressed, so as to give such first offenders a chance to reform. Respect for privacy for private reputation – The ethical Journalist should exercise very great restraint in publishing reports which would adversely affect a person’s privacy or his private reputation.
In any case, if a complaint is lodged with this council under this article, the burden of showing that the publication complained of is in the public interest, rests on the respondent journalist. Photographs of private grief should as a rule, be not published the consent of the person photographed is obtained. Decency, courtesy, and good taste – The ethical Journalist does not write in detail news stories which only serve to arouse prurient interest in his readers, especially in cases involving sex.
Honorable and honest means of livelihood – the ethical Journalist will not accept a bribe to write or suppress a news story. He will not write or use his profession to obtain favors for himself or members of his family. Using the journalist profession as a stepping stone to more lucrative jobs should be more eschewed as it gives the profession a bad name and attracts self-seeking men and women. Professional behavior, manners. – Realizing that he wields great power which can be used for good or for evil, the ethical journalist always comforts himself with dignity, right manners and good conduct.