In the course of recent years, France has endured in excess of 15 terrorist attacks, where 240 individuals have been executed and more than 600 injured. Although a portion of these attacks seem to have been ‘solitary wolf’ attacks. In other words, carried out by people acting alone however inspired by Islamist propaganda, others were executed by people who were trained by terrorist organizations or received support by them, for example, the Islamic State. French governments view Islamic terrorist organizations as the central security risk confronting the nation. The terrorist attacks that took place in Paris at six different locations on November 2015 incited a noteworthy acceleration in what French leaders have portrayed as a ‘war’ against the Islamic State.
Before the January 2015 Paris assaults, the French government previously had established new counterterrorism measures. To achieve their counter terrorism goals, France’s international action against terrorism includes, taking determined military action, stabilizing liberated areas and seeking political solutions to conflicts, scaling up action by the European Union and enhancing international cooperation to fight terrorist financing in particular. France has assumed a main job in obstructing the headway of terrorist groups in the country. French troops took part in Operation Barkhane where they gave vital assistance to the G5 Sahel nations which included Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad in their activity to battle terrorism. France has also united with the Global Coalition against Daesh by propelling Operation Chammal to help Iraqi authorities occupied with battling the terrorist groups. Additional to their military activity, French strategy effectively looks for, with its accomplices, political arrangements, which are the best way to end clashes and forestall the development and reinforcing of terrorist attacks.
After the January and November 2015 terrorist attacks, the government moved to further support law-enforcement budget plans and kept on sanctioning new counterterrorism and counter-radicalization measures. French law-authorization authorities were granted far-reaching authorities under a government-declared state of emergency in place between November 2015 and November 2017. Around 13,000 French operational land force were sent to enhance domestic security. Which is equivalent to 15% of the French armed forces. Extra measures sanctioned incorporate reconnaissance laws enabling the legislature to screen the interchanges of anybody connected to a terrorism investigation and counter-radicalization projects concentrating on the French jail framework. As per a few evaluations, in any event half of France’s 68,000 detainees are Muslim, and a few culprits of late terrorism assaults seem to have been radicalized in jail.
The most notable counterterrorism law the parliament passed was a government proposal that granted authorities under the state of emergency the ability to search, seize, and detain some terrorist suspects indefinitely and without a judicial warrant.
The law additionally approves continued military patrols in urban communities, and the production of an anti-terrorism task force. The majority of citizens in France approve these counterterrorism measures that have been introduced. However, there are many others who disagree with these counterterrorism laws. They view these counterterrorism laws are heavy handed and law enforcement-centric driven with these issues. They specifically argue that to forestall radicalization, the administration must accomplish more to incorporate Muslims into French society and address the huge financial variations between ‘native’ French citizens and those of North African as well as Muslim descent.
A few experts contend that numerous arrangements embraced for the sake of France’s secularist esteems, including confining the wearing of head scarves and prohibiting the full face cover, may serve to further estrange Muslims who as of now feel disappointed. They include that new extreme counterterrorism laws could build a feeling of segregation and further hinder endeavors to more readily incorporate French Muslims.