While Washington was president in….. * 1789 the Judiciary Act specified number of Federal Courts and judges. * 1790 the Supreme Court met for the first time, Rhode Island ratifies the constitution and becomes the 13th state. * 1791 the Bank Act established a national banking system, and the Bill of Rights ratified and took effect, Vermont becomes 14th state. * 1792 Post office established as separate entity, New York Stock exchange organized. * 1793 war breaks out between Britain and France, U. S. declares neutrality. * 1794 Whiskey Rebellion.
* 1795 British troops forced to withdrawal from U. S. * 1796 Washington posed for the portrait that is now on the dollar bill. Other facts… * He was the only president elected unanimously by the Electoral College, only president to not live in Washington DC at all during his office. * Owned plantation, owned slaves and did not let all of them go, some say he raped some of his slaves, married to Martha Dandridge Custis. * He was the wealthiest man in America at the time of his election. John Adams March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 4 years While Adams was president in….
* 1797 the XYZ Affair almost brought France and the U. S. to war. * 1798 the federalists support the highly unpopular Alien and Sedition Acts that were later repealed, Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. * 1799 Fries’ Rebellion, Logan Act. * 1800 the U. S. capital moved from Philadelphia to Washington D. C. , Thomas Jefferson defeated Adams, moved into the White House in November, founded Library of Congress. Other Facts… * Some say his stubbornness, aloofness, and refusal to enter directly into political conflict cost him his reelection and made him politically isolated.
* Even his own cabinet opposed his policies much of the time, he also refused to work closely with the legislature. * Adam’s were the first residents of the White House. * One of only three presidents not to attend the inauguration of his successor, he was disappointed in losing to Jefferson and grieving his son’s death. * Jefferson and Adams were the only presidents to sign the declaration of Independence and they both died on its 50th anniversary. Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809 8 years While Jefferson was president in… * 1803 congressed ruled Marbury vs. Madison, the Louisiana Territory Purchased.
* 1804 Jefferson reelected, Lewis and Clark began northwest exploration, Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton, 12th amendment ratified, New Jersey abolishes slavery. * 1807 slave importation from Africa outlawed yet many still were, and Embargo Act as of December 22. * 1809 Non-Intercourse Act, March 1, repeals the Embargo Act, which didn’t work. Other Facts… * His presidency initiated the “Virginia Dynasty. ” * Accused Aaron Burr of committing treason. * Opposed a strong central government. * Still referred to as one of the best presidents. * First president to be inaugurated in Washington D. C.
* About 6,000 books from Jefferson’s library purchased to start Library of Congress. * Jefferson is credited with many inventions such as the swivel chair, the lazy susan, pedometer and others. James Madison March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817 8 years While Madison was president in… * 1811 Madison allowed 20 year bank charter to expire, William Henry Harrison fought the Indians near Indianapolis. * 1812 war declared on England after they repeatedly attacked U. S. ships sailing to France, Madison reelected. * 1814 the city of Washington captured and burned, Frances key Scott observed the flag over Ft.
McHenry inspiring “The Star Spangled Banner,” Treaty of Ghent ended War of 1812 even though fighting continued. * 1815 Andrew Jackson defeated British at New Orleans. * 1816 Second Bank of the U. S. chartered. Other Facts… * Pushed liberal issues, such as more religious freedom among states. * Had a small, short frame and some said this made it harder for him to stand out or be taken seriously among groups. * Madison was the first president to previously be a congressman. * He was the first president to be under fire, it was during The War of 1812. * Married to Dolley Payne Todd, he was a lawyer, attended school in Princeton.
James Monroe March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 8 years While Monroe was president in… * 1819 Florida given by Spain to the U. S. in exchange for $5 million reduction in debt. * 1820 the Missouri Compromise outlawed slavery above 36’ 30” latitude, Monroe reelected. * 1823 Monroe Doctrine delivered to congress. Other Facts… * Presidency encompassed “the Era of Good Feeling. ” * Was the first president to have been a senator. * Election of 1820, he received every vote except one. John Quincy Adams March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829 4 years While Adams was president in… * 1825 Henry Clay appointed as Secretary of State caused some controversies.
* 1826 Jefferson and Adams both die hours apart. Other Facts… * He was the only president to be elected to the house after his office. * First president to be photographed. * A key note of his presidency was opening of trade expansions with South America and Caribbean colonies. Andrew Jackson March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1837 8 years While Jackson was president in… * 1829 Jackson set up the “kitchen cabinet. ” * 1830 Jackson authorized the Indian Removal Act of 1830 * 1832 Jackson reelected, vetoed creation of the second bank leading to the Whig Party, South Carolina tried to nullify federal tariff laws and troops sent.
* 1835 the U. S. briefly became debt free for the first and only time, signs Treaty of Echota. * 1836 the Alamo happened. Other facts… * Founder of the democratic party and expanded executive powers. * Only president who served in the Revolutionary War and War of 1812 * Only president to have been prisoner of war. * Killed Charles Dickinson in duel over “unflattering” comments about his wife. Martin Van Buren March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1841 8 years While Van Buren was president in… * 1837 Banks in Philadelphia and New York City closed thus the panic of 1837, this depression lasted through Van Buren’s term. * 1838 Trail of Tears.
Other Facts… * Made 3 unsuccessful bids for reelection. * Nicknamed “Martin Van Ruin. ” * He said the two happiest days of his life were his entrance into office and the day he left, many political opponents were happy to see him go too. * The term “Ok” was popularized because of his campaigns and speeches. * Was said to be important part of building the American political system. William H Harrison March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841 30 Days While Harrison was president in… * March 1841 he gave the longest inaugural speech ever, in the cold, thus believed to be the reason he caught pneumonia and died soon after.
Other facts… * He was the only president that was studying to become a doctor. * He was the first president to die in office. John Tyler April 4, 1841 – March 4, 1845 3 years 11 months While Tyler was president in… * 1841 his cabinet resigned after he vetoed banking bills supported by the Whigs. * 1844 treaty with China signed and trading with Far East opened. * 1845 Texas annexed followed by war with Mexico. Other facts… * He was thought to be one of the worst presidents, he was a “stalwart defender of slavery who abandoned his party’s platform once he was president.
” * Became a sworn enemy of the U. S. * His wife died while he was in office. * Only president to hold office in confederacy. James K Polk March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849 4 years While Polk was president in… * 1846 dispute with Britain over Oregon Territory settled, both countries got some. * 1848 treaty with Mexico gave U. S. control over many states, gold discovered in California. Other facts… * Sarah Polk started first annual White House Thanksgiving dinners, banned dancing, card-playing and any alcohol in the White House. Zachary Taylor March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850 1 year 4 months.
While Taylor was president in… * 1850 the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty was signed with Britain guaranteeing any Canal across central America to be open to all nations, died in office in July. Other facts… * He refused postage, therefore he didn’t get notification of his nomination for president until several days later. Millard Fillmore July 9, 1850 – March 4, 1853 2 years 8 months While Fillmore was president in… * 1850 congress passed the compromise of 1850 and Fugitive Slave Act. Other facts… * He backed the Compromise of 1850 that delayed the Southern secession by allowing slavery to spread.
* He installed the White House’s first bathtub, kitchen stove, and library. Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857 4 years While Pierce was president in…. * 1853 Gadsden Purchase * 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act, Ostend Manifesto, Treaty with Japan Negotiated Other facts… * His fervor for expanding the borders, thereby adding several slave states, helped set the stage for the Civil War. * Was arrested while in office for running over an old woman on his horse. * He defeated his old commanding officer from the Mexican War when elected.
* Only president who had no turnover in his cabinet. * He installed the first central heating system, hot and cold water and Christmas tree in the White House. James Buchanan March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861 4 years * 1858 Minnesota became a state, Lincoln-Douglas debate, U. S. is party to Treaty of Tientsin. * 1860 Pony Express begins SC secedes from the union. * Said to be the worst president by some, he “refused to challenge either the spread of slavery or the growing bloc of states that became the Confederacy. ” * Was the only bachelor president, so his niece played first lady.