In Many cases, when a person hears of the word delinquency, the first thing that comes in mind is to associate the offence with a male person. It has gone to the extend that even the academicians have concentrated most of their study of delinquency on male behaviors than the female behavior. Very few academicians have concentrated their studies on the female behavior. It has now become of great concern to many people in the society that the cases of female delinquency are increasing more than the male cases.
This has made many people in the society to, look at the literature of female delinquency at a wider scale. It has thus emerged that female delinquency has been addressed as being a complex social and cultural product (Shelden, 2004a). Comparing the male and female delinquencies, there are many similarities that can be found. However, there are as well many differences that have been noted. “Girls are quite often arrested for offences that are not actual crimes like robbery, or burglary.
Instead, the offences are activities like running away from home , being incorrigible , or being beyond parental control”, (Shelden , 2004a pp 2). These kinds of offences have placed a significant role in bringing the girls to face the juvenile justice. These kinds of offences are called “status offences”. The common form of status offences is running away from home. Even though many girls are arrested for running away from home more than boys, studies have shown that the number of boys and girls who run away is equal.
However, it has as well been found that parents are more likely to report the cases of girls who run away more than the cases of boys who run away. Furthermore, the police are also able to arrest the girls who run away than the boys (Shelden, 2004a). In essence, many of the female delinquency cases have been dominated by less serious offensive cases compared to the male delinquency cases. However, as time goes by the scenario has been gradually changing. The number of female delinquency has been increasing, and on top, the crimes that they commit have turned out to be the non traditional offences.
This implies that the females are as well increasingly becoming involved in the criminal activities that were thought to be only committed by the male criminals. For instance, according to Shelden (2004a), “the number of girls arrested rose drastically during the 1960s and early 1970s … by around 250 percent,” (pp 8). Furthermore, there have been increases in the number of juvenile courts and correction centers, implying the increase in the number of delinquency cases among the girls.
“Between 1990 and 1999, the number of delinquency cases involving males increased 20%, while the number of cases involving females increased 60%. This relative increase for females is true in all major offense categories, although the largest increases are for violent and drug offenses, 107% and 221%, respectively”,(RTI , N. d pp 1). It is thus important to note that girls have been closing gap in the arrest rates between them and the boys. It is also important to note that any youth when approaching adolscent do need to be given a certain freedom which in many cases, parents seem to give it to the boys more than girls.
Therefore, when girls try to seek there true identity at such stages, they might end up committing criminal offenses. This kind of behavior has in a way contributed to the government being involved in family affairs and more so to the life of the adolescents. The government’s involvement in these issues contributed to the creation of a different justice system, which is the juvenile court. There was also the rising of the child saving movement that had a special meaning to life of the girl child. It is through the child savers movement that the first juvenile court was established.