By its definition, federalism is the process through which state power is divided between the central government and various regional/state governments. It is aimed at combining the broad spectrum of regional interests to form a complex outlay of checks and balances that are allied with the central government. Federal government serves various roles. Firstly, it is important in the control and monitoring of the economic activities amongst which is the federal money.
Various monetary policies are enacted that regulate the flow of funds across the different economic chambers that are aimed at maintaining strong economy and the federal money. It governs the control of the external relationship between its states and the external world (William, 1997, 41). This is through trade exchange relations, bilateral and multilateral relations, foreign control and business modalities. Amongst the interrelationship with the foreign world is the control of pollution and other products and services that may flow from the external world.
Through the division of the central government between states, there is sharing of government power which can then help in checking the checks and balances that ensure functionality of governance that provides the highest level of service to its people. It is important in limiting the infringement of human rights and reducing the power of the central government. The legislative power is shared between the states which is a reflection of the interest of the people (William, 1997, 46) Question 2- State constitutions There is diversity in difference between state constitutions. The amendment process also differs from one state to the other.
This difference is attached to various problems that arise from the conflict of interest in trying to develop one reflective federal law that can replace all these constitutions. The differing clauses of these constitutions occur in cases such as regulations on state businesses, political and government structures, the bill of human rights, freedoms and relationship of one state with the other. However, the differences have been captured by the federal law that is aimed at integrating the conflicting interest in these state laws into one law that gives a reservation of human rights and relation with the external world.
The difference in these legal provisions is the foremost attribute that limits and shapes the state of integration between states and its sates. Exchange of legal requirements across different states has been compromised by the different constitutions that do not agree on the same legal protocols. (Charlotte, 1994, 24) Work Cited Charlotte Waterlow. What is Federalism? : An Outline of Some Federal Constitutions, London, One World Trust, 1994, pp. 24 William Riker. Federalism: Origin, Operation Significance, New York, Little Brown, 1997, pp. 41, 46