The Drug Free Workplace Act is also enacted, and puts a requirement on the Federal contractors to put in place measures that ensure that the work places are drug-free. The National Labor Relations Act restricts the employers from discriminating the employees from engaging, or refusing to engage in certain trade unions, and the related trade union activities. The Occupational safety and Health Act applies to the companies that deal with interstate commerce and requires that, the employers impose the duty of securing a safe environment of working for the employees.
The Americans with disabilities Act applies to employers with more than 15 employees, and provide that there should be no discrimination against workers with disabilities or workers with prior history such as cancer. The Family and Medical Leave Act applies to companies that have more than 50 workers, and provide that an employee should be given an unpaid leave for up to 12 weeks when a covered family member or the employee himself has serious health conditions.
The Act also provides for intermittent leave under specific situations, requires extension of insurance coverage on health, and provides that where the employer breaches his duty, an employee has the right to either be represented by a trade union, or to institute a claim in court in his personal capacity. Effects of Federal Laws in Resolving Specific Employment Issues The Federal Labor laws have to a large extent improved employment and condition of work of most employees working in various companies.
The Fair Labor Law Standards have been able to represent the interest of youths below the age of 18 years from exploitation by the employers. According to Zachary (2008), the Act requires that such minors should work for a limited time and no working when schools are in session. On the other hand, the conditions of work must be safe to avoid risking the health of the youths and minors. The working conditions for the pregnant women have been improved.
Where such women were previously discriminated, they are now supposed to be treated as having any other form of disability, without any other Discrimination. Discrimination of salary in the place of work has for a long time killed the morale of many workers, FLSA requires that there should be equal pay provisions with regard to workers working under the same conditions, applying the same effort, and same skills. Working places were previously faced with the problem of discrimination based on color, race, sex, or nationality.
Citizens in the Federal States are now covered from this form of Discrimination. The physically disabled persons are protected in the places of work, they are supposed to be treated equally like the normal persons as long as they can perform their normal duties at work. The previously disputed issues of leave have been catered for under the Family and Medical Leave Act where the act gives comprehensive information on the unpaid leave, paid leave, the health insurance cover and the period of time in which the leave is to extend (Zachary, 2008).
The interests of the aged people are also represented where they are not supposed to be discriminated during employment, working conditions, pay and on any other terms of employment. Exploitation of the employees in regard to overtime is dealt with, FLSA provides the normal working hours of the employees, and states that any extra hour should be paid as overtime, this avoids the exploitation of the employees by the employers.