Federal School Law

Being a principal is a very important position. I believe that when the principal has high expectations and morals that the whole school benefits. When the principal is an example of someone with high standards the teachers, staff, and students will benefit from that example. My goal as a future administrator is to be firm but fair. In order for me to ensure that I am fair in my decisions, I need to be current school law. As times change, so the laws. In this toolkit, I will show which twelve resources will be imperative to ensure that my school runs smoothly.

In this toolkit, you will find the following topics: Federal School Law, State School Law and the Revised Code of Washington, Religion in Schools, IEP and 504 Law, Student Discipline, Staff Discipline, School Economic Law, Charter School Law, Becca Law, Copyright Law, Tort Law, and Miscellaneous School Law. I. Federal School Law www. ed. gov U. S. Department of Education-Each state is responsible for the education of each student and the laws that govern them. The U. S. Department of Education’s primary functions are to “establish policy for, administer, and coordinate most federal assistance to education, collect data on U. S.

schools, and to enforce federal education laws regarding privacy and civil rights. Using this as a resource can help a principal stay current and up-to-date on the happenings of other schools and school districts. Although it is best to be well versed in state law, it is also helpful to know and understand the way the laws and policies is carried out in other schools and school districts across this country. www. ed. gov/esea No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Legislation This legislation falls under the U. S. Department of Education. Because NCLB affects schools, it gives another reason why this particular resource is valuable to an administrator.

II. State School Law and the Revised Code of Washington www. k12. wa. us The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction-The U. S. Department of Education acts as a guiding body for schools in the United States. The state is in charge of the schools and the school districts within its borders. The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction holds a wealth of information for administrators, teachers, staff, parents, and students. For administrators in particular, they would be able to find and research laws and policies that directly affect them and/or their school.

This site an also direct them to the correct person to speak to when addressing a certain question. This resource is kept up-to-date with the legislation of school law and policy that occurs across the country. III. Religion in Schools www. religioustolerance. org Religious Tolerance-This web resource serves the people of the United States and Canada. Their purpose is to serve people in four areas: disseminating accurate religious information, exposing religious fraud, hatred, and misinformation, disseminating information on dozens of “hot” topics, and promoting religious tolerance. www. aclu-wa.

org American Civil Liberties Union of Washington State-The purpose of the ACLU is to act as a guardian of liberty, working daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual’s rights and liberties that are based from the United States Constitution. http://www2. ed. gov/policy/gen/guide/religionandschools U. S. Department of Education-In this section of this web resource, you will find the policy of religion in schools. In schools, you will find many religions and beliefs. It is imperative that an administrator respects the beliefs of others despite what their beliefs and thoughts may be.

Being well versed in this policy will help an administrator keep balance in the school. IV. IEP and 504 Laws (Special Education) www. wrightslaw. com Wright’s Law-This web resource provides up-to-date information on Special Education laws and procedures. It serves as a type of library and search engine. www. idea. ed. gov The Individuals with Disabilities Act www. nichy. org/law/idea National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities www. cec. sped. org Council for Exceptional Children All of these websites provide information on the specific needs for special education students.

Each school has the obligation to ensure that education of each child. We have exceptional children in our schools and it is important that we follow specific rules and regulations that are governed by law. These web resources can help keep an administrator current on students with special needs. V. Student Discipline Law www. nsba. org/SchoolLaw/Issues/StudentsRights National School Board Association-This page provides information on the challenges school districts face in balancing students First, Fourth, and Fifth Amendment rights by maintaining a safe and orderly school environment.

www. k12. wa. us/SafetyCenter/Discipline/pubdocs/Suspension-expulsion. pdf The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction-This document gives a summary of the suspension, expulsion, and due process rules. www. governor. wa. gov/oeo/publications/manual_discipline_public_schools. pdf Office of the Education Ombudsman-This document serves as a handbook for parents but administrators can also use it. An administrator will have moments in a day where they are faced with the suspension or expulsion of a student.

It is imperative that an administrator have current knowledge of the rules and regulations where suspension or expulsion of a student are concerned. The Rights and Responsibilities handbook of Federal Way Public Schools probably gets some of their information from the governor’s publication. VI. Staff Discipline Law www. k12. wa. us/ProfPractices/CodeofConduct The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction-This publication serves as a vehicle to understanding the Professional Educator Standards Board Administrative Rules. www. governor. wa. gov/oeo/publications/manual_discipline_public_schools.

pdf Office of the Education Ombudsman-An administrator has to make sure the teachers and staff follow the correct guidelines in how they conduct themselves around other teachers, staff, and students. These documents can help an administrator keep that balance. VII. School Economic Law www. wasbo. org Washington Association for School Business Officials-The mission of this association programs and services to promote the best practices of school business management, professional growth, and the effective use of educational resources. Administrators need to have extensive knowledge on budget and finance.

The school is a business and in order to be successful, the handling of money, whether it comes from the state, district, or students, should be handled in the correct manner. VIII. Charter School Law http://www. wacharterschools. org/ Washington State Charter Schools-This web resource has information about charter schools. Voters in this state approved the charter school initiative. An administrator needs to know how charter schools will affect them. Having the right resources can bring a better understanding of how charter schools work and where they might be located.

Charter schools can affect surrounding schools in several ways. Two major ones are decreased enrollment and the money that is allocated for each child due to the decreased enrollment. IX. Becca Law www. k12. wa. us/SafetyCenter/Truancy The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction-This law requires school/district and juvenile courts to take specific actions when a student is truant. Administrators, teachers, and parents are responsible for the education of the child. It is important that the student is attendance every day at school unless something keeps them from attending.

An administrator needs to understand this particular law and follow through where a student is excessively absent or tardy. X. Copyright Laws www. teachingcopyright. org Teaching Copyright-This web resource was created to help educators stay well informed on copyright laws. www. copyright. gov/circs/circ21pdf Copyright document-This publication gives educators information on current copyright laws. Although it is rarely needed, an administrator should under the general copyright laws so that teachers and staff have a basic understanding of them. This would help them avoid any fines or lawsuits. XI. Tort Law

www. tort. laws. com Tort Law-This web resource gives a brief overview of the Tort Law. www. atg. wa. gov/Divisions/Torts Office of Attorney General-This web resource gives information on Tort Law in Washington State. A tort is a civil wrong that can be readdressed by avoiding damages. If an administrator understands this law and can convey an understanding to teachers and staff, then the school as a whole will become more aware of the dangers hidden and otherwise and work to keep all safe. XII. Miscellaneous School Law http://www. ashaweb. org/files/public/Miscellaneous/School_Laws_and_Policies_Issue.

pdf Journal of School Health-This publication was created by the Centers of Disease Control. It contains several laws and policies that affect schools. Although an administrator is not a lawyer, they should have a basic understanding of all policies, rules, and regulations that govern a school. References United States School Law. U. S. Department of Education Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. ed. gov No Child Left Behind Legislation. NCLB Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. nochildleftbehind. com K12 Laws and Regulations. OSPI Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. k12. wa. us Statement of Beliefs.

Religious Tolerance Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. religioustolerance. org Religion in Schools. American Civil Liberties Union Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. aclu-wa. org Religion in Schools. U. S. Department of Education Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. ed. gov Special Education Resources. Wright’s Law Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. wrightslaw. com Student Discipline Law. National School Boards Association Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. nsba. org Discipline Manual. Office of the Education Ombudsman Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. governor. wa. gov

Laws that Affect Teacher Interns. Education Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. education. us. edu Staff Discipline Law. Washington State OSPI Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. k12. wa. us School Economics. Washington Association of School Business Officials Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. wasbo. org Copyright Laws. Copyrighting Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. copyright. gov Tort Law Definition. Legal Information Institute Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. law. cornell. edu/wex/tort Miscellaneous School Law. Center for Disease Control Retrieved on May 26, 2013 from www. ashaweb. org