Crime which is the deadliest virus in the present world, has many forms of its operation. Detection of crime involves crime procedures which involve several methods to investigate, interrogate and prosecute a crime. Criminal procedures are the most essential life savers for the victims and most threatening to guilty. Basically there are two types of criminal procedures viz. , federal and state. Federal crimes pertain to those individuals who violate laws of Constitution and federal crimes follow the The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure which was enacted by Congress in 1945.
States crimes are prosecuted by following the State Criminal Procedure which is defined by the respective State constitution followed by its statutes, rules, judiciary procedures. For any crime that is committed either at federal level or at state level, the criminal procedures are quite stringent and cannot be overlooked in any manner. The first step of criminal procedure is to book a criminal case that records name, address, telephone number, photographs, fingerprints of the defendant and the description of crime charged with.
Arraignment is the second step, for plead by the defendant to prove guilty or not guilty and this step involves a procedure to set a date to begin a trial in court. The third step of bail involves either the release of defendant on bail or kept in prison until the date of trial. Preliminary hearing is the fourth step in which a judge would consider a decision about the defendant whether to be held for trial and in this process, the prosecution would have to produce sufficient evidence to satisfy judge that the defendant is guilty of having committed a crime.
Trial is the fifth step which consists of presentation of evidence, interrogation of witnesses, arguments, and finally the verdict of the judge. Sentencing is the sixth step which refers to various punishments for those who found guilty for having committed crime. Punishment is the seventh step which details about the forms of punishments viz. , fine, probation or jail.
Appeal is the eighth and final step in criminal procedure wherein after being convicted of a crime, the defendant appeals to higher courts on several grounds to prove not guilty or on the basis that the lower court did not follow the criminal procedures properly. From the perception of a common man, there are crimes within society viz. , child abuse, robbery, theft, murder, white collar and for every crime committed, the relevant crime law is applied, for instance family law, corporate law, federal law, international law and for each crime a specific code of law is applied as stated in U. S. Criminal Procedure Code.
The District Attorneys of each State have the authority to pass orders for detection of crime that is committed in a State. For international crimes such as terrorism and conspiracy, International Court of Law deals with international crimes with a panel of judges who interrogate and inspect each and every aspect of those who found guilty.
Some of the violent crimes that are seriously viewed under criminal laws are viz., armed robbery, kidnapping, domestic violence, manslaughter, murder, abuse, hate, arson, carjacking and assault. It is also important for every victim of violent crimes to seek the advice and guidance of a criminal defense lawyer who can certainly be of great help to those who fall prey to the hands of criminals. References http://www. lawyershop. com/practice-areas/criminal-law/criminal-procedure/ http://edition. cnn. com/video/#/video/crime/2008/06/03/karas. entwistle. murder. trial. insession