Federal Grants

The Constitution of the United States has allowed for many changes in the National and State government. The post 1787 Presidents favored a strict view on the Constitution, however post 1937 favored a more loose view on the Constitution, and moving into the 1990’s there is a new view on the Constitution known as Devolution Revolution. America after 1787 had a very stern and strict view of the Constitution. This became known as strict or narrow construction which means that that there is a very close or narrow reading and interpretation of a statute or written document.

Basically nobody after 1787 wanted to stray away from what the Constitution had laid out for America. If something was not in the Constitution then it was not going to be done. However, under Article one, Section 8 the “Necessary and Proper ” Clause was not included in decision making. There weren’t many grants really proposed before the 20th century because it wasn’t stated in the Constitution that you could just give out money. An example of someone who strongly believed this was President Calvin Coolidge. An example of this is in the controversial Mcnary-Haugen Farm Relief Bill.

The bill proposed a federal farm board that would purchase surplus production in high-yield years and hold it for later sale, or sell it abroad. Coolidge opposed McNary-Haugen, declaring that agriculture must stand “on an independent business basis,” and said that “government control cannot be divorced from political control. ” Coolidge vetoed the bill many times and in the end said “Farmers never have made much money,” “I do not believe we can do much about it. “. America post 1937 had a much more different and lose view on the Constitution.

An example of this was the The Housing Act of 1949 which was enacted during the Truman administration that set new post-war national goals for decent living environments; it also funded “slum clearance” and the urban renewal projects, and created many national public housing programs. This was created under Trumans program for domestic legislation known as the Fair Deal. Truman stated that “It opens up the prospect of decent homes in wholesome surroundings for low-income families now living in the squalor of the slums.

It equips the Federal Government, for the first time, with effective means for aiding cities in the vital task of clearing slums and rebuilding blighted areas” Devolution Revolution is a whole new view on the constitution that came about during the Reagan administration. Devolution Revolution is an example of New Federalism and gradual of power to the states. Devolution Revolution took a new form known as block grants which is a consolidated grant of federal funds, formerly allocated for specific programs, that a state or local government may use at its discretion for such programs as education or urban development.

This can favor the view of the constitution more because it gives states the power to spend the money how they want it. Post 1787 was an era where the federal government only believed in what the constitution stated to do. By 1937 that view was beginning to change and change for the better. Post 1937 grants helped a lot people get through tough situations. Eventually by the 1990’s Devolution Revolution granted states more power to spend money how they pleased.