The United States of America was the first country to adopt a federal system for their government. This form of government, that allows national government and the state government to share powers and obtain authority from its people, was created to deal with many of the problems that occurred under the Articles of Confederation. Being affected by the rule of English kings, the Framers feared centralizing power in one government. Therefore, they made both the state and the federal government responsible to the people of their country.
While the governments shared some powers, like the ability to tax, each government was dominant in certain areas. The Framers concern for Congress’s authority was to create a legislative body that would be able to make laws and raise and spend revenues. The Constitution gives Congress its most important powers. No bill or proposed law can become a law without the consent of the two houses. Congress may even use their power to review actions taken by the president. To help the president enforce laws passed by Congress, the Constitution authorizes him to appoint, with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The Constitution requires the president to inform the Congress periodically of the State of the Union and authorizes the president to assemble Congress. The president’s power to make treaties with foreign nations is checked by the Constitution’s requirements that all treaties must be approved by at least two thirds of the members of Senate. The president has the ability to get around the constitutional consent of the Senates requirement for formal international agreements by executive agreements.
This allows an easier way for the president to administer to foreign affairs without the approval of the Senate. The president has authority to act to defend the country in case of a threat; however, Congress can be involved with the decision by allowing military action. Congress has the power to declare war; due to the Framers decision on refusing to allow central power to one person especially when it came to war. However, the president has authority to veto any act of Congress. The Wars Power Act permits the president to send troops to a combat with approval of Congress.
It requires the president to notify Congress within forty eight hours before sending troops to battle. This act shows the relationship that Congress has with the president. They require correlation with their decisions before sending troops out to foreign soil. The balance of power between the president and Congress during a war was the set goal for the Framers because of their aim to split power between both positions. In order for civil liberties to be order, the president and Congress must make sure that the United States is free of threats.
According to the Bill of Rights, people have the rights to privacy but because of possible threats, the government has to defy the fourth amendment in order to make sure that Americans are safe from any possible threats. As far as it goes, civil liberties are meant to be protected by the constitution. But in order to ensure the protection of Americans, the president and Congress need to take action in the best possible way. That may be considered unconstitutional, but the safety of the people should always come first, not matter what the cost may be.