The federal courts were created by the United Stated founding fathers. The purpose of the courts were to create a system that would allow federal and state governments to work together while ensuring the states were in control of their judicial process. When ratifying the constitution, some feared that having on “one supreme court…would increase political power” (419), causing an unbalance of power, which was against everything the constitution stand on. After much debate, it was “deemed wise” (419) to have a dual court system to meet the judicial needs of the United States.
The U. S. has state courts to meet judicial needs at the state level and federal courts to interpret the constitutional and federal laws of the country. Although there is no “constitutional or statutory qualifications” (419) to serve on federal courts all judges were at least lawyers. It is the job of the federal courts to provide justice for the residents that is fair and impartial, not based on personal feelings but holding true to the constitution and its mandate that every person, man, woman, black, white, or brown is worthy of equal treatment under the law.
It is also the federal courts job to interpret state court ruling if bought before them and interpret statues set forth in the laws of the U. S. The decisions the federal courts make do have an impact on how laws are interpreted at the state level and they can have influence politically. What some of the founding fathers feared came true, in part. The political power depends on who is in office and the number of democrats or republicans who hold seats on federal courts.
For this reason, complete political power is impossible but the courts do have some political power, which does affect some court rulings. As judges prepare for court, they have secretaries, messengers, and law clerks to help them with paperwork and research. This allows judges to focus on the facts surrounding the cases and not minor details. The federal court system is a well-oiled machine, made up of three sections. The federal courts include the district courts, the courts of appeals and the Supreme Court.
The district courts deal with civil cases. There are 94 district courts. Their location is based on the geographical districts of the U. S. The district courts are the lower courts of the federal court system. The court of appeals deals with appeal cases. When people have a court hearing and are not happy with the ruling, they can file an appeal. There are thirteen courts of appeal and one Military court of appeals. Twelve of the courts are divided into geographical regions and deal with federal laws.
The thirteenth court is “the federal circuit…involving patents, trademarks, international trade and claims against the United States” (420). The Supreme Court is the highest of the federal courts and the only court mentioned in the constitution, “…declares that there shall be “one supreme court”” (419). The Supreme Court’s duty is to interpret laws and review decisions of the district courts, the court of appeals and state courts when dealing with federal laws. There are a total of nine justices on the Supreme Court.
Justices hold life-long appointments. The federal courts are important to the justice system of the United States because they are an impartial voice in personal crisis. Although there are problems, the system as a whole works allowing that the freedoms and rights outlined in the constitution are still a reality. WORKS CITED American Justice, Volume II. “Organization of Federal Courts. ” (pg 419-421). A Magill Book. Bessette, Joseph M, Editor. Salem Press, Inc. 1996. California/New York