Failed and Weak States

After 9/11 Canadians gave full support to the US government. Canadian prime minister at the time being Jean Chretien had given full commitment politically, militarily and economically as for assisting to help and bring trial to those responsible for the terrorist attack in the United States. George W Bush finally announced the war on terror on September 20th 2001 with the Canadian government by their side. The United States were increasingly involved in the war in Iraq therefore forced Canada to take immediate further commitments in the war in Afghanistan.

Our Canadian military role had forced us to consume 90% of its financial allotments in this particular project, taken into consideration that the government you this large amount of finances towards economic development, for training purposes of the troops as well as the police in order to give support to present Afghan government. Many people have become increasingly critical about these policies Canada had with the US and Afghanistan. These policies have created great deal of debates on weather Canada should step out or continue to support the United States with the war on terror.

Canadians had to put in consideration that walking out could cause Canada to face great loss in all trade and investment relations with the United States, therefore Canada decided to continue supporting their neighbor. Finally in 2011 Stephan Harper current minister decided to withdrawal Canadian troops out of the war in Afghanistan. (Levitz, Stephanie ). In this essay I will talk about how failed states effect everyone The phenomenon of a state failure has existed for quite a while. In fact it entered the policies in mid 1990s in order to describe the post-cold war.

A failed state that is already a weak state that reaches point where it cannot meet up to the basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government such as; education, security or governance which is usually due to the violence and extreme poverty in the country. There is no actual general consensus on the definition of a failed state since it can differ from one failed state to another.

According to the fund of peace a failed state is usually characterized by the following; Loss of control of its territory or of the monopoly therein, Erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions, An inability to provide public services, an inability to interact with other states as a full member of the international community and they can no longer ensure any economic growth or any reasonable distribution of social goods. State failure creates a source of international insecurity where optimum habitat that terrorist organizations often seek. (Garner et al. , 2013: 296). Once a country get classified as a failed state, it is very difficult for them to fully recover.

Based on all the criteria’s that indicated state failure, Afghanistan finds itself one of the world’s top 10 failed states along with Somalia, Sudan, Iraq and others. ( Peace Failed States Index: 2012) Afghanistan is governed by warlords and Tribal. Due to Karzai government failure on working on their countries security and improvement of lives many of the population and police have even turned their backs from the central government and showed more loyalty towards the Tribal leadership.

These tribal carry large amount of strength and power that overpowers the government in Afghanistan causing many arm units and police to be corrupt since they do not feel they are genially backed up by their government. The Afghan police is poorly trained, unmotivated, and steeped in corruption. Out of 433 Afghanistan National Police units, “zero are fully capable, 3% are capable with coalition support, 4% are only partially capable and 77% are not capable at all.

”43 The Afghan Defence Minister had recommended an increase of the police force from the current strength of 55,000 to 150,000. The small amount of police border patrol are poorly equipped causing main results to drug trafficking, arm smugglers and terrorist groups (State Failure In Afghanistan And Security Challenges For Pakistan: 2009). These failed states pose legal challenges in the international order with state sovereignty and society lacking government functionality creating many problems with great global threats to our security such as the 9/11 as a main example.

In many situations, conflicts end up spreading to their neighbored countries (ex: the war of Afghanistan and spread to Iraq in 2003) causing many deaths not only from violence but by hunger and many diseases that get spread due to their dysfunctional health care systems. A failing state can sometimes provide training grounds for international terrorist groups and become main narcotic exports sources to such as opium that is made into heroin which comes from Afghanistan and gets distributed easily between borders which are a huge problem we face.

All these main issues are problematic to our international system which takes a huge strain in foreign budgets. A responsibility of the international community has legal responsibility to protect civilians as per the under the doctrine of the “Responsibility to Protect,” which was endorsed by the United Nations in the “Outcome Document of the World Summit” adopted in New York in September 2005 (Un Reform: Progress, prospects, and priorities). International and regional have taken steps to address immediate attention towards humanitarian and security problems in these failed states this being; peacekeepers providing food aid and such.

These communities go to these failed states in order to reverse its state failure and return to a functional state. Although these communities have improved many situations such as education, healthcare, security, there have been debates as to where this money has been spent and how little progression has been made in Afghanistan. United States did not in fact put as much effort into rehabilitant of the nation as they anticipated to. There were many plans set out as to how they would reconstruct Afghanistan but priorities were more towards Iraq war with little attention on Afghanistan.

US and the UN should have put equal priority towards Iraq and Afghanistan. http://news. nationalpost. com/2012/05/21/stephen-harper-confirms-canadas-combat-role-in-afghanistan-will-end-in-2014/ Stephen Harper confirms Canada’s soldiers will be out of Afghanistan after 2014 by Stephanie Levitz Garner, Robert, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson and David B. Macdonald (2013). Iintroduction to Politics, Canadian edition. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press. http://www. huffingtonpost. co. uk/robert-simpson/afghanistan-it-is-and-alw_b_155.