The item "globalisation" was used actually in the 1960s and early 1970s, but the concept of globalisation was can be traced back to nineteenth and early twentieth-century in many intellectuals, such as sociologist Saint-Simon and geopolitics MacKinder, who recognized how modernity was integrating the world (Held, McGrew, 2000).
However, although there were many discussions about globalisation over the last two decades, it is still a problematic concept and hard to trap solely in economics paradigm. Giddens identified globalisation as "the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events many miles away and vice versa" (Giddens, 1990).
Robertson pointed out that the globalisation is "the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole…both concrete global interdependence and consciousness of the global whole" (Robertson, 1992). Among other concepts, globalisation has been variously conceived such as time-space compression, accelerating interdependence, a shrinking world. Ideas of 'globalisation' are so broad, so diverse and so changeable that it sometimes seems possible to pronounce virtually anything on the subject.
Globalisation, in other words, assumes a modernized, rationalized world, but a world where–alongside globally institutionalised rationalization–nostalgia and the search for authenticity through the construction of memory and the vitalisation of mythic pasts have become reutilised; a world where tribalism, ethnicities, national yearnings, and otherness, in general, have surfaced as potent forces; a world, ironically, made small and vulnerable to tradition by the project of modernity itself (Robert B. Tapp, 1998).
1. Probably the most common usage in everyday language has conceived of globalisation as internationalisation. As such globalisation refers to increase of interaction and interdependence between people in different countries. Considerable rises in cross-border exchange have indeed occurred in recent decades, so it is understandable that the term globalisation has come for many to mean internationalisation.
However, there is no vocabulary of 'globalisation' was needed to national relations' arguably remains quite sufficient to examine contemporary cross-border transactions and interlinkages. We should reserve the new word to designate something different.
2. In these cases a global world is one without regulatory barriers to transfers of resources of between countries. In recent history we have indeed witnessed many reductions of statutory constraints on cross-border movements of goods, services, money and financial instruments. Hence, as with the first definitions, it is understandable that people might associate globalisation with liberalisation. Yet this second notion is also redundant. There seems little need now to invent a new vocabulary for this old phenomenon.
3. Globalisation as universalisation – also fails the text of providing new insight. True, more people and cultural phenomena that ever have in recent history spread to all habitable corners of the planet. However, moves toward universalisation are hardly new to the contemporary world. Yet, the vocabulary of 'universalisation' is quite adequate to describe these age-old conditions. In this regard too, a new terminology of 'globalisation' is unnecessary.
4. Is globalisation as westernisation? This usage has arisen particularly in various arguments about postcolonial imperialism. Often in these cases globalisation is associated with a process of homogenisation, as the all world becomes western, modern and more particularly, American.
However, intercontinental westernisation too, has unfolded since long before the recent emergence of globe-talk. Distinctive concept of globalisation Globality marks a distinct kind of space-time compression, and one that is mostly new contemporary history. To be sure, the world has long been 'shrinking', as territorial distances have been covered in progressively shorter time intervals. In the case of global transactions, in contrast, 'place' is not territorially foxed, territorial distance is covered in effectively no time, and territorial boundaries present no particular impediment.
Globality describes circumstances where territorial space is substantially transcended. Such like Coca-Cola and faxes 'touch down' at territorial locations, but they are also global in the sense that they can extend anywhere in the world at the same time. The geography of, for instance, Visa credit cards and world service broadcasts has little to do with territorial distance, and these transborder flows – that is, relations that transcend territorial frontiers – largely escape controls at state boundaries.
All such circumstances reside at least partly across the planet as one more or less seamless sphere. Global conditions like Internet connections can and do surface simultaneously at any point on earth that is equipped to host them. Global phenomena like a news flash can and do move almost instantaneously across any distance on the planet.