Public administration can be defined as a process that ensures efficient, economical and coordinated goods and services delivery by the government, to her citizens. In the United States of America, public administration is the fourth arm of government. It has undergone a tremendous transformation, with an aim of ensuring efficiency. This paper will seek to trace the evolution in terms of cash payments, construction and maintenance, provision of services regulation, and maintaining the capacity to govern.
Evolution of the public administration will be looked at in terms of various acts such as the Sherman antitrust act, inter commerce act, civil service act with some amendments that followed later. Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. The act is considered as the first measure by the federal government in regulation of interstate commerce. The signing of the act authorized the federal government of the United States of America, to institute proceedings against trust. Five years after the enactment of the act, the Supreme Court dismantled it in U. S U. E.
C Company -1895. This act has been in use for the last 100 years, to settle disputes. During the reign of President Theodore Roosevelt used the act severally as a mode of regulation in the government. In the year 1911, President Taft used it against Standard Oil Company and American Tobacco Company. The Federal government used the act severally to ensure free market system. Interstate Commerce Act This act was approved on February 4; 1887. It led to the creation of interstate commerce commission, a great step towards the control of railroad industry.
At this point, unlike in the past, rail services were harmonized. The act set guidelines on how the railroad could do business. Some of the provisions were to stimulate competition while others were to penalize it. All in all, the entire act performed the intended role: regulation. Civil Service Act-1883 The act was designed specifically to help in regulating civil service in the United States of America, as well as improving on service delivery to the citizens. Under the act, the president was given powers to appoint with the consent of the senate 3 persons in to the civil service commission.
The act also provided for regulations on appointments to public office through tests and investigations over abuse of office. The amendments Many amendments have been made so far, with an aim of ensuring efficiency in service delivery. They include the United States of America constitutional ammendmants 5, 13, 14 and 15 on public service. In addition, there is the famous civil service act of 1991. All these amendments led to an improvement in one way or the other. The amendment number 5 spelled out clearly protection against capital related crimes.
On the other hand, the 13th amendment gave the congress power to enforce the agreements on the amended clauses, protection against slavery and involuntary servitude in the United States of America. Voting rights, qualifications for one hold any office were clearly outlined in amendment number 14. For instance no one is to be allowed to via for a position of a president of the United States of America. , Vice president or a senator with records crime for early abuse of office. In addition, handling of public debt was made clearer. Government debts are to be paid with clear understanding.
Those incurred with rebellion against the constitution are not to be honored but considered illegal. The 15th right to vote was also stressed. No one could be denied the right to vote on grounds of race or color. Powers were bestowed upon the congress to enforce this whole article by appropriate legislation The Public administration in the United States of America has undergone a great evolution. Most of this has been done through the amendment of particular clauses of the American Constitution, touching on public administration. This has led to provision of better services.
Commissions, such as the Hoover Commission made significant contributions to the well being of the people of the United States of America through the recommendations given. Although the public administration in the USA is unique it remains the most Celebrated. This is because it addresses the major issues affecting the people of the United States of America.
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