Encouragement of female participation in politics

The findings can be represented in the following table: Type of Activity. Tamerius supposes that the disparity can be explained not by the sex differences as they are but by gender differences in experience. Her findings can be summarized in the following way:

Women have different experiences based on the gender differences. Women politicians understand other women better, they feel responsible for the destiny of ordinary women and put more emphasis on the elimination of these problems. It may be concluded that female politicians have greater attention to alleviating problems, which are typical for other women. because they understand them better, assign a higher degree of severity to the problems, and tend to feel a special responsibility as women (Tamerus, 1995).

Women are more aware of the possible problems, other women may face. Due to their personal experiences, women are more likely to bring wider range of female-related problems than men are (Tamerius, 1995). Due to the gendered experiences of women, they possess better information on the possible ways to resolve the problems faced by other women. Thus, we can say that the personal experience of women politicians give them more expertise in the women-related issues (Tamerius, 1995).

Many theoretical studies state that the right to vote provides the basis for the other rights like the right to stand for elections, to become a candidate, and to be elected. However, if this is true it implies that there is obvious violation of the women’s right gradually due to the fact that women can vote but the only candidates they can vote for are men (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007). The worst thing is that this is true not only for the countries with developing democracies but also for the counties, where the democracy is considered to be established centuries ago.

Because of this fact we can speak about the violation of the women’s basic democratic rights even in some European countries, where women are still underrepresented in politics (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007). Now in order to ensure equality of men and women in politics, quotas have been introduced in many countries. This implies that the parties running for elections should have a definite percentage of women in electable positions in the candidate lists. The failure to follow this rule many parties are most likely to lose in the election process (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007).