The Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA) is an act, which applies to most private employers though; it does not cover federal, because only the state system provides such protection. Moreover, it prohibits most private employers from using lie detector tests, either for pre-employment screening or during the course of employment. The EPPA provides that employees have a right to employment opportunities without being subjected to lie detector tests, unless a specific exemption applies. The Act also provides employees the right to file a lawsuit for violations of the Act.
In addition, the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor’s Employment Standards Administration accepts complaints of alleged EPPA violations (Pious 2000). Another example of an employment protection is the Employment Protection Legislation (EPL), which serves as a protection measure of the collective bargaining conditions of employment or other usual practices. EPL is also referred to as a labor law and it refers to both regulations concerning hiring such as training requirements and firing which includes the severance of payments and short time work scheme.
Other than that, there also exist various arrangements catered by institutions that can provide employment protection like the private market, labor legislation, collective bargaining arrangements and not the least, court interpretations of legislative and contractual provisions that are provided by the state system of employment law. Some regulations are adopted in the absence of legislation because workers and firms get certain advantages from long-term employment relations. How the Federal and State System Differ
The federal and state system of government may differ in their application of employment laws according to the scope of their application because the federal laws is generally applicable to both the state and the federal government while the state of system in applying their employment laws applies only within the territory of the state (Pious 2000). It may also differ according to the range of the law state laws acquires a higher range thus it affords greater protection as compared with a federal law.
While the state laws is deemed to be obeyed because otherwise it will result to a forced a violation of federal laws. In other words, if it is possible to follow both state and federal laws, then the state laws are prevented from being implemented (Burn 1997). References Burns, James MacGregor, et al. Government by the People. 17th ed. Prentice-Hall, 1997. Pious, Richard M. , and Donald A. Ritchie. The Oxford Essential Guide to the U. S. Government. Berkley, 2000.