Elizabethan era- Queen Elizabeth ruled 1558-1603

Virgin queen- never married. Represented beauty and greatness Made England one of the most powerful country in the world Great time for writers, actors, and other members and the arts Renaissance England Began in the 14th century, hit its peak in England during the Elizabethan era Renewed interest in science, commerce, philosophy, and the arts Emphasis placed on the individual and freedom of choice

William Shakespeare-Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-AvonParents John and Mary Arden ShakespeareSeven brothers and sistersGrammar school from age 7 to 16 (?)

Married life-Married Anne Hathaway November 28, 1582Anne was 26 and Shakespeare was 18Susanna was born in may of 1583Twins Judith and hamnet born two years laterHamnet died at age of 11

London- Traveled to London to become an actor 1592 1954 became a player in “lord chamberlains men” and also one of their best playwrights

End of Shakespeare’s life- Retired from theater in 1610 The globe theatre burned down in 1613- returned to Stratford In 1616 Shakespeare dies on April 23 Wrote 37 plays……154 sonnets and other poems during his life

The globe-Round, wooden, roofless buildingThree galleries of seatsPit (no seats) cost a penny for groundlingsMain stag40 feet wide27 feet projection into the pitRecessed inner stage (curtains and balcony)Music roomHeaven and a hell

Tragedy- drama that ends in catastrophe- most often death- for the main character(s) Tragic hero: someone who is nobly born and who may have great influence in society. Has one or more fatal flaws- a weakness or serious error in judgement- that leads to his or her downfall

Foil character: character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another characters Author highlights the other characters traits or attitudes Kind behavior of one is off set by the cruelty of another Comic relief: scene or a bit of dialogue that interrupts or breaks the tension of the play

Speeches- soliloquy: speech that a character gives when he or she is alone on stage.mlets the audience know what the character is thinking or feelings Aside: characters remarks to audience or another character that others on stage are not supposed to hear. Also reveals thoughts and feelings. Dramatic irony: dramatic irony is when the audience knows that the characters do not.

Pun: pun is a play on words. I lost the job at the orange juice factory; I was canned because I couldn’t concentrate

An iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. The rhythm can be written as: da DUM (unstressed STRESSED) A line of iambic pentameter is five iambic feet in a rowda DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUMBlank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter

The sonnetLove poems with distinct formMade up of three four lined stanzas (quatrains) and a final couplet (2 lines) total of 14 lines Rhythm scheme is: abab cdcd efef gg Written in iambic pentameter