The integrity of electronic voting (e-voting) creates a lively debate regarding its security in process and deployment that makes people question and demand for an in-depth study about its transactions for public transparency. The aim of this paper is to study and analyze the definition of e-voting, its procedure and ways of deployment, the different security issues that it face and the risks that we take every time we let technology handle the votes we give. Through this paper, author desires to inform and aware not just the professionals but mainly the general public as well about the complexity and power of e-voting.
However, if handled well, the author believes that e-voting can still be a good tool to provide the most transparent results expected. Introduction During elections, it’s very natural for every people to have doubts about election process. It is expected that there will be some possibilities of vote stealing and other conspiracies in the middle of any election. In third world countries like the Philippines, integrity in election almost seems to be far from reality. Many teachers and volunteers risked their lives to protect the ballots that have the real voice of their people and many of them died.
Other countries also suffer the same problems that make it difficult to prove if the kind of election results generated from these kinds of elections is legitimate or biased. No one can ever be sure if the kind of election done is pure and handled well. The doubts and uncertainty of the people with the help of technology initiated the idea to make voting procedures done electronically. E-voting gives computers the power to manage and maintain the votes of the people believing that this process could help secure every vote coming from voters.
But the minds of people who have political interest always have ways to penetrate and scratch the honest objectives of e-voting as numerous hackers and spies are present everywhere to complicate the elections. Because of the threat of attackers, it seems that e-voting can’t satisfy the needs of people for an honest election after all. How can we trust technology? Are we going to be more powerful against attackers with it or will it be the other thing around? What can we do to guard the interest of people and shall e-voting be accepted or not? Electronic Voting
E-voting is an election system that allows a voter to record his or her secure and secret ballot electronically. In 2004, it's estimated that approximately 30 percent of the voting population in the United States used some form of e-voting technology, including direct electronic recording (DER) touch screens or optical scanners, to record their vote for President. Electronic votes are stored digitally in a storage medium such as a tape cartridge, diskette, or smart card before being sent to a centralized location where tabulation programs compile and tabulate results.
(Whatis: 2008) Electronic voting systems have been used since 1960s (About. com: 2008) its principle is that it must be as the same to the regular voting procedure as possible, compliant with all election legislation procedures and principles, and be as secure as possible. Confidentiality is always a requirement and only registered people are allowed to vote. One voter has to cast one vote only in favor to the person or other things that he/she wants to vote for.
Also, the collection of votes must be reliable, secure and accountable. (Tallin 2005) Countries like United Kingdom, Estonia and Switzerland as well as Canada used electronic voting in government elections. (Backet c. 2006) The implementation of this kind of election seeks the improvement of election procedure in terms of speed and accuracy which is one of its many advantages. Because of the fast procedure and comfort, most people at the United States find it favorable in having the e-voting than the manual.