Electrical codes are wiring safety codes which are used to protect people and buildings from hazards such as electrical shocks and fire. Electrical codes were first noted in the 1880s together with the commercial introduction of electrical power. During that time, there was a problem with wire sizes, specifically with regard to the design that should be used in an electrical installation.
The first of all the codes in the United States was created in New York in 1881 for the purpose of regulating installations of electrical lighting. At present, the National Electrical Code is used in the buildings in United States for their protection and safety (Electrical Safety Foundation International [ESFI], 2007). Recognized Product Safety Testing Electrical products should undergo product safety tests in order to be used in an electrical installation procedure or before it should be used by a person.
Electrical products should have the mark of certain independent testing laboratories such as CSL, UL, MET, or ETL labs. The said laboratories are recognized by the Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI). If certain products do not have the mark of the said laboratories, then the product is substandard, rendering it useless in any electrical procedure and hazardous to anyone (ESFI, 2007). National Electrical Safety Foundation
The National Electrical Safety Foundation (NESF), currently known as Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI), was founded through the joint effort of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) and the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) for the sole purpose of reducing electrically related deaths and injuries by informing the public about electrical safety and giving them tools to prevent electrical accidents (ESFI, 2007). Recognizing Typical Electrical Hazards Electricity is a major hazard that one must not neglect.
Some of the hazards that electricity has brought include electrocution, electric shocks, burns, fires, and explosions (Chao, 2005). Some electrical hazards can be easily recognized with the use of simple inspection, while others may need help from a professional who is knowledgeable in order for the hazards to be recognized. Awareness and management of the electrical hazards is the key to recognize electrical hazards (Bolmen, 1998). Addressing Electrical Safety Problems Electrical safety problems are the ones responsible for the electrical hazards that are happening today.
Certain organizations and government institutions are created in order to resolve these problems. Nevertheless, the real problem is the ignorance of the people when it comes to electrical safety. This ignorance can be resolved by educating the people of the importance of electrical safety.
Bolmen, R. (1998). Semiconductor Safety Handbook Safety and Health in the Semiconductor Industry. Westwood, N. J. Noyes Publications. Chao, E. (2005, July 29). Controlling electrical hazards. Occupational Safety & Health Administrations.
Retrieved January 29, 2009 from http://www. osha. gov/Publications/3075. html Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI). (2007). The Electrical Safety Foundation: An In-depth Look. Retrieved January 29, 2009 from http://www. esfi. org/cms/files/u1/ESFi_WHOisESFI_MRplug_2__August07. pdf Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI). (2007). What Should I know About Electrical Products and Workplace Safety?. Retrieved January 29, 2009 from http://esfi. org/cms/node/29#homeelectrical