Justice is a virtue that seems to lose its meaning especially in the 21st century. Poverty and competition between individuals has lead to the strain of the world’s resources resulting to unjust acts in order to attain social and economic satisfaction. Crime rate has increased especially in the youth of today who seem to have adopted an aggressive attitude which advocates violence. They have turned to violence in an attempt of solving problems and disputes.
This has resulted to overcrowding of prison correction facilities straining the effectiveness of government, federal agency and private management. Prisons offer confinement to criminals depriving them certain types of freedom in an attempt of punishing them for the unjust acts they conducted. Prison systems depict the organizational culture of the correction facility which includes the arrangement for the provision and operation of the prison.
Prisons are supposed to instill discipline, allow prisoners deterrence and reform the prisoners so that in an event of release the individual will be productive to the society. The correction facilities are supposed to safe keep the inmates by secluding them from the society while considering their welfare through provision of necessary social, physical and psychological needs such as education, health care, recreation activities and respect to their freedom of religion.
However, respect accorded to the welfare of inmates is detrimental as the relationship between the prisoner and other inmates constitutes the provision of these necessities. Furthermore the rights of the prisoners are abused as some form of punishment used to maintain law and order in the correction facilities are considered to be unethical because they dehumanizing the prisoners associating them with social rejection and condemnation. This has resulted to the moral degradation of the prisoners (Hawkins 57).
Solitary confinements were originally designed to help prisoners reflect on their mistakes and through their own conscience and devotion change their attitude to be able to abide by the laws and principles stipulated in the prison policies and thus adjust and function effectively in the prison setting. Unfortunately, the aim of this prison unit was coined to reflect the worst form of punishment which severely affects the prisoners’ psychological state depicted by their change in attitude.
Most become delusional, depressed and dissatisfied with life resulting to the growth of their aggressive attitude that is in contrast with prison goals of reforming inmates. Cases of madness also increase as inmates solitary units are run through instillation of fear to the inmates. Long periods of solitude results to the development of claustrophobic traits which make the inmates to lack social and inner peace which is essential for the prisoner to reform (Western 16).
Prison environment does not allow prisoners to freely make their choices; the system has stipulated guidelines upon which inmates are supposed to follow. This incapacitates the ability of inmates to think rationally and make their own decisions. This explains the increased rate of repeat criminal offenders who had been freed from the confinement of the prison. The prisoners do not fully rehabilitate, to change in a positive way that will be beneficial to the society. Instead they adapt or device mechanism that will help them to fit in and function effectively in the prison setting.