“Man could not stay there forever. He was bound to spread to new regions, partly because of his innate migratory tendency and partly because of Nature’s stern urgency. ” — Huntington Ellsworth European Union At the time of its inception, the leaders of the Union had only one goal in mind, which was to unify “political and economic community throughout Europe” (Briney, 2008). However, recently European Union and its member countries have introduced numerous other programs and agendas to go beyond their initial targets and create a much better “European World” for generations to come.
The purpose of its inception was achieved after free trade and introduction of single European currency. The leaders of European Union have now decided to work on “free travel, safer food, greener environment, joint actions on crime and terror, academic opportunities, and improving standards of living” basically by opening doors to immigrants from poorer regions (Europa). Benefits of Immigration In the globalized world, the benefits of migration are felt by both parties involved, the immigrant as well as the country of immigration.
For the immigration country the availability of resources increases and the labor contribute towards the economic development. Also, international labor proves to be cheaper as they agree to work on much lower rates than the citizens. Ben Hall (2000) immigrants agree to perform the functions of the society that the “natives refuse to do. ” He says that they also contribute towards “innovation. ” According to Mansoor and Quillin (2007), the process of migration compares the mother nation with the prospective immigration country on basis of “perceived differences in the utility of living or working.
” The factors that work against the mother country are called “push factors” whereas the ones that are in favor of potential immigration country are called “pull factors. ” The following table highlights the push and pull factors: European Union’s Open Door Policy The European Union declared that the newest members to the Union will be ready to join the “Schengen open-borders agreement” by 2007 (O’Rourke, 2005), “Schengen system” is when the citizens of other nations are checked on the “outer borders” of European Union at the time of entrance.
If they are allowed to enter at one border they can “travel freely inside nearly all the nations. ” Finally, in December 2007, nine out of ten new European Union members joined the agreement. The European Union commission said that travelers would only require “Schengen visa” instead of individual country visas. This they predict will contribute in the growth of “business and tourism” (Reuters, 2007). A number of issues, like illegal immigration and flood of unskilled and uneducated labor, arise after approving new members to join the agreement.
The European Union is quick to implement measures to protect illegal immigration. Bendel (2005) praises the steps taken to “combat illegal immigration,” he says that a common electronic information system for “Schengen” and “Visa” were adopted. Also, a system to recognize the “fingerprints” was set up alongside with an “image archiving system. ” The Economist article (2004) mentions that the new members of the agreement have lower income levels and “living standards” then the other older members and thus the immigrants’ real motive will be to chase higher paying jobs and the “social-security benefits.
” The European Union has introduced a “blue card” similar to the “green card” of the United States. The aim is to attract skilled labor to the member states, especially, “doctors, nurses and engineers” (Bilefsky, 2007). The European Union officials clearly stated their aim as the reversal of a “trend in which skilled migrants from developing countries were choosing the United States over Europe” (Bilefsky, 2007). United States, throughout its history has benefited from the number of foreigners that have entered its borders.
According to Ben Hall (2000), United States reaped numerous benefits from its immigration policies. Europe has witnessed “labor driven” immigration before, which mentions ended in 1973, due to the oil crisis. Since then the United States of America has been the prime choice of immigrants. However, after the advent of European Union the leaders have realized that they need to improve living and wage standards to attract a pool of skilled labor.