William Shakespeare

*26.04.1564 (baptised) in Stratford-upon-Avon † 23.04.1616 in Stratford-upon-Avon - English poet and playwright - actual date of birth remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23. April - Father: John Shakespeare: considered farmer and merchant -> 1565: alderman - Mother: Mary Arden of Wilmcote: daughter of an affluent landowning farmer - was probably educated at the King’s New School in Stratford

- 1582, at the age of 18, he married the 26-year old Anne Hathaway - six months later: Anne gave birth to a daughter, named Susanna (baptised: 26.05.1583) - 1585: Twins were born: son Hamnet and daughter Judith (baptised: 02.02.1585) -> Hamnet died of unknown causes at the age of 11 and was buried 11.08.1596 - after birth of the twins Shakespeare -> only some information -> Shakespeare’s „lost years“ between 1585 and 1592 - 1592: Part of the London theatre scene -> several of his plays were on the London stage by 1592 ->

Shakespeare was well known - from 1594: Shakespeare’s plays were performed by only the “Lord Chamberlain’s Man” -> Group of players including Shakespeare, became the leading playing company in London - 1603: Queen Elizabeth died -> company was awarded by the new king and changed its name to “the Kings Men” - 1603 – 1610: no acting work during the extended outbreaks of the plague - 1616: Shakespeare died at the age of 52 in Stratford

-> died of unknown causes - widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language - called England’s National Poet / “Bard of Avon” - His works: 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems - produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613 -> early plays: comedies and histories -> then: tragedies until 1608 (Hamlet, King Lear, Othello and Macbeth)

Sources: http://www.william-shakespeare.de/biographie1.html http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare