According to Article III of the US Constitution, the US Supreme Court is to handle all cases involving ambassadors, public ministers and consuls to the United States from other countries over the world, legal matters involving maritime jurisdiction and cases between a US state and citizens of the country belonging to another state (“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court” 2008). On top of this, the US Supreme Court has also been given the power to prescribe various rules of procedure in court proceedings which the lower courts of the United States are expected to observe and follow.
These procedures are passed once these have been approved by the US Congress (“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court” 2008). This is done through the Judicial Conference which was established by the US Congress in 1922 as the Conference of Senior Circuit Judges. The name was changed in 1948 in accordance with Section 331 of the Title 28 of the US Code (“The Judicial Conference” 2008). As previously stated, the primary role of the Judicial Conference of the United States was established to be the principal policy making body in regards to the administration of the courts in the United States.
Aside from this, the Judicial Conference is also tasked to review the conduct of various councils and judges presiding in various districts and circuits based on the requirements mandated in USC Section 372 (c). The Judicial Conference is overseen by the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court who, in turn, submits the reports, findings and recommendations to the Legislative bodies of the US government for evaluation and subsequent implementation (“The Judicial Conference” 2008).