There were many challenges to the security, unity, and prosperity of the Dutch Republic from 1650 to 1713. The Dutch Republic had several challenges in security. Most of these challenges were due to English and French attacks. There were also many challenges to unity. The challenges were due to expenses, which only a few provinces had enough money to help pay. There were also many challenges faced by The Dutch Republic in their ability to prosper. Many of these challenges were due to increase in debt and England and France wanting to take over this area.
Throughout 1650 to 1713 The Dutch Republic had many challenges in their security. From 1652 to 1674 the amount of Dutch ships seized by the English is about 2,000 more than the amount of English ships seized by the Dutch. This shows that the Dutch weren’t able to defend their provinces, which shows a very low level of security. Another challenge they faced was with neighboring countries cutting off The Dutch Republics trading routes and using them for themselves. Lastly in The Treaty of Dover in 1670 it stated that
“The king of France promises to pay to the king of England two million livres. Each of the allied sovereigns will then jointly declare war on the Dutch Republic.” This shows that France and England really want to take over The Dutch Republic and they will do almost anything to do it.(Doc 3,5,6)
Throughout 1650 to 1713 The Dutch Republic had many challenges in unifying their provinces. The major challenge the Dutch are dealing with is all of the battles that are having in the provinces, which is causing them to have one big un-unified republic. In Sir George Downings letter to the English government in 1644 it said that “The government of the Dutch Republic is a shattered and divided thing; the provinces Holland alone must expect to bear the financial burden in a war because the other provinces are poor.”
This letter shows that almost all of The Dutch Republic is poor and cannot afford this war. Since this was written by the English ambassador is shows that he is trying to convince The Dutch Republic to surrender.(Docs4,8)
Throughout 1650 to 1713 The Dutch Republic faced many challenges in being able to prosper. The national debt of The Dutch Republic in 1988 was 30,000,000 then in 1713 in increased to 148,000,000. This shows that The Dutch Republic wasn’t able to prosper and get out of debt they just went into more debt. Another example of The Dutch Republic not being able to prosper is that the profits of The Dutch Republic’s East Indian trade have all turned to losses, the Java trade is declining, and the commercial competition from the English, French, Portuguese, Chinese, and Muslims in Asia cannot be checked.
Lastly in the letter from the Englishman resident in the Dutch Republic he said “Dutch armies, allied with the English in this war against France, have suffered extremely: they have not a hundred men left in each battalion out of a total of thirty battalions that engaged the French at the beginning of the war.” Since the writer of this letter is a resident of The Dutch Republic he may know more than others on the amount of people that are dying due to this war.(Doc 12,13,14)
Therefore you can see that The Dutch Republic had to face many challenges in unifying the republic, facing security of the provinces and being able to prosper as a whole. Most of the challenges they faced had to do with a very rapid decrease in their economy, which led to a very large debt.