Another risk is that which is associated with children. The Florida legislature addressed this issue and tried to deal with it as directly as possible; in "1989 that state's legislature met in special session to deal with the increasing incidence of accidental shootings by children using guns that had not been properly protected by their owners" and the conclusion was to enact laws which made "placing firearms within the reach or easy access of children" illegal, (Edel 150). Despite the best intentions of conceal-carry laws, the widespread distribution of handguns poses a serious threat to children.
Further criticisms of Florida's conceal-carry laws include the idea that it is not the deterrence factor, but economic and social-equality factors which contribute more profoundly to the realization of lowering incidents of crime. Those who hold these beliefs suggest that when people are denied economic opportunity and are left in a state of social degradation, hey are more likely to resort to criminal behavior whether or not there is a "strategic pacification effect" in play or not.
In the case of Florida, such considerations must be admitted into any discussion of the impact of the conceal-carry laws which have been adopted in an effort to deter crime. While the benefits of the conceal-carry las are obvious and fairly easy to reinforce with statistical evidence, the impact of the laws in a negative sense as it applies to recognizing the plight of the underprivileged, rather than simply arming oneself against them, is much more complex and subtle of a topic.
Theoretically, the addressing of economic and social imbalances could provide as much of a positive impact on crime rates in Florida as the adoption of conceal-carry laws. "The two measures of low economic status, unemployment rate and median family income, are also used as indicators of concepts in criminal opportunity theory[... ] Social disorganization theory assumes that high unemployment and low income lead to higher crime," (Miethe, Hughes, and Mcdowall 172) whether or not this aspect of crime deterrence will find popular support as the conceal-carry laws have found is doubtful.
In conclusion, the obvious cause-and-effect impact of the conceal-carry laws in Florida is in keeping with the Lott-Mustard study which predicts an across-the-board reduction in violent and confrontational crime for those states which adopt conceal-carry laws. The following table suggests this reduction is uniform where the laws have been enacted: In Florida, there has been a demonstrable reduction in violent crimes, crimes against women, and the workload of law enforcement has been lessened.
Additionally, an economic benefit has been gained by the adoption of cary-conceal laws which relieves the burden of handgun registration and the enforcement of handgun laws. Florida has apparently become a safer, more prosperous, and more effectively policed state with lower incidents of violent crime, rape, and murder. However, the long-ter impacts of the conceal-carry laws are still to be determined, while the possible negative impacts on children, the elderly, and the economically disadvantaged are beginning to show themselves statistically as the conceal-carry laws are employed.
Works Cited Ayres, Ian, and John J. Donohue. "Shooting Down the "More Guns, Less Crime" Hypothesis. " Stanford Law Review 55. 4 (2003): 1193+. "Decision on District's Gun Laws Just for City. " The Washington Times 12 May 2007: A03. Diiulio, John J. "Arresting Ideas: Tougher Law Enforcement Is Driving Down Urban Crime. " Policy Review (1995): 12+. Edel, Wilbur. Gun Control: Threat to Liberty or Defense against Anarchy?. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1995. "It Would Be Criminal to Ignore How Concealed-Carry Laws Cut Murder Rates.
" The Washington Times 9 Sept. 1996: 18. Lehrer, Eli. "On Patrol. " The American Enterprise June 2001: 34. Miethe, Terance D. , Michael Hughes, and David Mcdowall. "Social Change and Crime Rates: an Evaluation of Alternative Theoretical Approaches. " Social Forces 70. 1 (1991): 165-185. Polsby, Daniel D. "From the Hip. " National Review 24 Mar. 1997: 33. Price, Joyce Howard. "Armed and Elderly. " The Washington Times 22 Oct. 2000: 1. "Property Crime, Violence Drop in City. " Sarasota Herald Tribune 23 July 2005: BV1.