In my opinion drilling shouldn't be Allow in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge because it is more of an environmental issue. Due to the fact that oil and gas exploration and development in the (ANWR) would have a major effect on the water resource. It is most concerning because it’s a factor that contributes, negatively towards a wide variety of species that are inhabitant of that particular area that are being affected by limited resource of water that they need for their survival.
The reason drilling is an issue because it can alter the character of an ecosystem. For example Arctic ecosystem is characterized by many complex interactions, and changes to one component may have secondary but significant effects on other ecosystem components. Which means oil exploration and development have substantially changed environments where they have occurred in Alaska’s central Arctic. Another reason drill is an issue because of factor that comes into play when drilling occurs such as oil spills, contaminated waste, and other sources of pollution have had measurable impacts on an environment. Like the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska and the more recent Deep-water Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
These disasters have displayed that there is no safe way to drill for oil and gas in the Arctic refuge, no way to guarantee wildlife will not be harmed by resource extraction in the refuge and no way to ensure the Arctic refuge will be protected for future generations and if Congress allows oil and gas exploration on the coastal plain there are costly consequences that wildlife have to endure. Oil drilling presents a potential risk of oil spills; in the Arctic the impacts of such spills could be catastrophic. Spills are more dangerous here because the combination of a colder climate, slower plant growth rates and longer animal life spans hinder recovery efforts. Additionally, no technology currently exists for cleaning oil from sea ice in the Arctic waters. Due to drilling it could affect the environment and cause climate change that impact the biodiversity as a whole.
The argument I present is that is that oil is a non-renewable resource. Which means once oil and gas is extracted from the land, it will be gone forever. That means the government's national security objective should be to limit reliance on foreign oil imports and create a sustainable long-range energy policy, which support better ways of improving the fuel efficiency of motor vehicles to decrease the probability of an environment climate change due to drilling for oil. Here are some reasons why drilling shouldn't be permitted in (ANWR) it takes the focus off the real cause of the oil shortage that comes into play with excessive consumption. A wildlife refuge could be disturbed by humans, with animal lives possibly changed in the process.
The drilling may not yield much of anything. It could take years or decades before any significant amount of oil is ready for use. The reserve can be saved as a last resort decades from now when we've exhausted other supplies. I believe the effects of climate change connecting with the associating of drilling in varies ways, have negative effect on the (ANWR) some worse than others. There are a variety of climate change feedback that can either amplify or diminish the initial forcing. Some parts of the climate system, such as the oceans and ice caps, respond slowly in reaction to climate forcing, while others respond more quickly.
Things the (ANWR) can do to prevent climate change is protect the north slope of the refugee from oil drilling that disrupts and brings the risk of oil spills. Another thing they could do is maintain areas outside the refuge so, that animals have some place to go if they need to move.
The most important thing they can do is invest more into research to find out exactly what is in sorted for the animals of the refugee and figure out what they can do to best help them survive. An increase in global climate change is reduce emissions to avoid dangerous climate change and as a result improve overall air quality and public health; shift America away from an over reliance on fossil fuels to a clean energy economy. Recognize and minimize any economic impacts resulting from regulating dangerous greenhouse gases; and ensure that vulnerable communities and ecosystems are not disproportionately impacted by climate change, while fostering international emissions reductions commitments.