The President chairs the two meetings of Domestic Policy Council and the National Security Council, which is the principal forum for considering foreign policy matters. The National Security Council was established during the time of President Truman through the National Security Act of 1947(Public Law 80 which was approved on July 26, 1947) and was further amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949. The Domestic Policy Council was formed through an executive order of 1970 by President Richard M. Nixon. The executive order created the Office of Policy Development which was to oversee economic and domestic policy.
Later, President William J. Clinton split the office into two thus forming, the Domestic Policy Council and National Economic Council, with the later being in charge of economic issues. As the chair of the NSC, the president leads other attendees in deliberation on issues of national security and foreign policies. The main functions of NSC, as outlined in the 1947 act, is to advise the President on integration of foreign, domestic and military policies which relate to national security and also to facilitate interagency cooperation.
At the same time, it also assesses and appraises risks to U. S. national security, considers s appropriate policies, and then gives recommendations to the President. According to the executive order whose effective date was August 16, 1993, the core functions of the Domestic Policy Council is to coordinate the domestic policy-making process, to coordinate domestic policy advice to the President, to ensure that domestic policy decisions and programs are consistent with the President’s stated goals, and to ensure that those goals are being effectively pursued and to monitor implementation of the President’s domestic policy agenda.
Setting the balance between the two has been difficult. This desire for increasing control over domestic policy began as early as the 1930s with Franklin Roosevelt who utilized the Bureau of the Budget (BoB), to examine legislation being sent to Congress by the various departments and agencies. President Truman’s administration on the other hand, having been faced with immense task of unifying the military without uniting them gave the orders that established the NSC.
Truman also increased the size of the staff in the Executive Office of the President. In my view he balanced well in between local policies and foreign policies. References Shoemaker, C. C. (1991). The NSC Staff: Counseling the Council. Westview Press. Domestic Policy Council (U. S. ) (1993). The President’s Health Security Plan: The Complete Draft and Final Reports of the White House Domestic Policy Council. Times Books.